Arabic missionaries and merchants began to spread Islam along the western shores of the Indian Ocean from the 8th century, if not earlier.
Why did Muslims dominate Indian Ocean trade?
But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.
What religions did the Indian Ocean trade spread?
Classic Period Indian Ocean Trading
Another major export item along the classical Indian Ocean trade routes was religious thought. Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism spread from India to Southeast Asia, brought by merchants rather than by missionaries. Islam would later spread the same way from the 700s CE on.
How did the expansion of Islam expand the Indian Ocean trade?
How did the expansion of Islam expand the Indian Ocean Trade network? Muslim merchants traveled to foreign lands looking for trading partners, and along the way, they started to make connections and spread Islam. … They were sailors that helped transport goods to ports cities along the Indian Ocean.
How did Islam spread to India because of trade?
Islam in India spread at first along the coastal cities in the western part of the country, where Arab merchants were regularly coming to trade. Some of them started to settle down in India as well, and started to form Muslim quarters, and the first mosques were opened as well.
What impact did Islam have on trade in the Indian Ocean and why?
Islam affected commerce in the Indian Ocean world by providing a uniting factor that facilitated trade.
How did Islam spread across the Indian Ocean?
The act of Hajj, an obligatory pilgrimage to Mecca, has long established a flow of Muslims across great distances throughout the Indian Ocean. … The Indian Ocean marketplace – a series of economic exchanges throughout East Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, and China – played a huge role in the spread of Islam.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Where did Islam spread through trade?
Spread of Islam
Traders brought their religion to West Africa where Islam quickly spread throughout the region. Areas in the far east such as Malaysia and Indonesia also became Muslim through traders and Islamic Sufis. Over time, large Muslim populations grew in other regions including India, China, and Spain.
Why did Islam spread so quickly?
There are many reasons why Islam spread so quickly. First Mecca was connected to many global trade routes. Another important reason was their military conquered lots of territory. … While all three factors are important, it was Mecca’s connection to global trade routes that helped to spread the religion the most.
How did Islam help connect Indian Ocean trade cities?
How did Islam help connect Indian Ocean trade cities? Muslim merchants spread Islam around the Indian Ocean. … Slaves had more opportunities to work along free people, unlike those in the Atlantic slave trade. If the slaves worked in Islamic communities they were given certain rights.
Which religion came first in world?
Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with about 900 million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam.
How did Islam impact India?
Islam gave the message of universal brotherhood, introduced equality in society, rejected caste system and untouchability. In due course, these ideas began to have a conscious or unconscious effect upon the philosophical Hindu mind and fostered the growth of liberal movements under religious reformers.