By the year 1511, the Portuguese were in control of the spice trade of the Malabar coast of India and Ceylon. Until the end of the 16th century, their monopoly on the spice trade to India was exceptionally profitable for the Portuguese. The main product brought back to Lisbon was black pepper.
Did the Portuguese bring spices to India?
Under the command of Pedro Álvares Cabral, a Portuguese expedition was the first to bring spices from India to Europe by way of the Cape of Good Hope in 1501.
Who brought Indian spices?
Spices and the Age of Exploration
In 1497 the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route around the southern tip of Africa, eventually reaching Kozhikode on the southwest coast of India in 1498. Da Gama returned from his voyage with a cargo of nutmegs, cloves, cinnamon, ginger, and peppercorns.
Where did India get spices from?
Spices and herbs such as black pepper, cinnamon, turmeric, and cardamom have been used by Indians for thousands of years for both culinary and health purposes. Spices indigenous to India (such as cardamom and turmeric) were cultivated as early as the 8th century BC in the gardens of Babylon (2).
Why did Portugal want spices?
Spices were so important because they helped mask the flavor of not-so-fresh food. Considering the high demand of spices, the supply was scarce which contributed to its high costs. The costs of spices rose so much that spices such as nutmeg and saffron cost more than the same weight of gold.
What did the Portuguese trade for spices?
The main product brought back to Lisbon was black pepper. Pipernigrum was as valuable as gold in the age of discovery. In the 16th century, over half of Portugal’s state revenue came from West African gold and Indian pepper and other spices. The proportion of the spices greatly outweighed the gold.
Who first used spices?
Cloves were used in Mesopotamia by 1700 BCE. The ancient Indian epic Ramayana mentions cloves. The Romans had cloves in the 1st century CE, as Pliny the Elder wrote about them. The earliest written records of spices come from ancient Egyptian, Chinese, and Indian cultures.
What is the oldest spice known to man?
Traded around the world since before the 1500s, cinnamon is widely regarded as the oldest known spice. Indonesian sailors began trading cinnamon to Madagascar and the east coast of Africa in the first century. But while the spice has been subject of trade in the 1500s, its history dates back to the Egyptians.
Why were spices so expensive?
Spices were expensive because when the Mongol Empire fell, taxes went up causing Asian goods to be very expensive. The spices are located in East Asia. … They wanted to trade, they wanted to find an all water route to Asia, and they wanted to discover/find new land.