How did Europeans gain control of the Indian Ocean?

In the late 15th century, Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope and conquered the Indian Ocean, bringing the rich trade under the direct control of the crowned heads of Europe and their appointed Indian Ocean Trading Companies.

How did Europe take over trade in the Indian Ocean?

Europe Intrudes on the Indian Ocean Trade

Portuguese sailors under Vasco da Gama (~1460–1524) rounded the southern point of Africa and ventured into new seas. … As a result, the Portuguese entered the Indian Ocean trade as pirates rather than traders.

Was Europe involved in the Indian Ocean trade?

While the European corporate enterprises operating in Asia concentrated by and large on the inter- continental trade with Europe, the private European merchants participated in a substantial way in trade within the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea trading network.

What European country took control of the Indian Ocean trade first?

The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India.

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How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?

During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.

What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?

1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.

What caused the Indian Ocean trade to grow?

Root Causes of Indian Ocean Trade

In fact, knowledge of monsoon winds (when they blew at what times) was huge in making Indian Ocean trade happen. Once sailors could utilize where the monsoons were blowing at what times, they could make those winds blow their sails to wherever they wanted to go!

What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?

. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.

Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?

11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.

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What expanded exchange in the Indian Ocean?

Improved commercial practices led to an increased volume of trade and expanded the geographical range of existing trade routes—including the Silk Roads, trans-Saharan trade network, and Indian Ocean—promoting the growth of powerful new trading cities. The Indian Ocean trading network fostered the growth of states.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect culture?

Indian Ocean commerce reshaped the people and societies that were a part of the exchange network. … These societies transformed as outside social and cultural practices reshaped their cultural traditions, and the wealth acquired through trade led to the rise of new trading cities and states.

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