The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
What caused the growth of the Indian Ocean trade?
One of the reasons Indian Ocean trade took off is that there were a wide range of resources available and a wide range of import needs — from ivory to timber to books to grain. But the most important thing was the wind. The Indian Ocean is home to a set of very special winds called Monsoons.
What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
How did the Indian Ocean trade networks spread culture throughout the region?
As merchants moved throughout the Indian Ocean network, they established diaspora communities (communities of immigrants living away from their homeland). Through these diaspora communities, merchants introduced their cultural traditions into local indigenous cultures.
Why was Indian Ocean trade faster easier and more efficient?
The Indian Ocean trade routes greatly facilitated the spread of Islam. … Since it was easier to reach Africa, Islam spread more easily and rapidly to it. Moreover, because the trading was much quicker, people were able to trade necessities, which stimulated trade even more.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Why is the Indian Ocean trade important?
The Indian Ocean matters today, arguably more than ever. It is a major conduit for international trade, especially energy. Its littoral is vast, densely populated, and comprised of some of the world’s fastest growing regions. The Ocean is also a valuable source of fishing and mineral resources.
Who benefited from Indian Ocean trade?
The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
When was Indian Ocean trade at its highest?
During the medieval era (400–1450 CE), trade flourished in the Indian Ocean basin.
Why was Srivijaya so important to Indian Ocean trade?
Srivijaya’s plentiful supply of gold-it’s access to the source of highly sought after spices, such as cloves, nutmeg, and mace-provided resources to attract supporters, to find an embryonic bureaucracy, and to create the military and naval forces that brought some security to the area.
How did Islam impact trade in the Indian Ocean region?
After the advent of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula in the 7th century, Islam started its expansion towards eastern regions through trade encouraged by the development of the maritime Silk Roads. Muslims were known to have a commercial talent notably encouraged by Islam, as well as excellent sailing skills.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect Southeast Asia?
The Indian Ocean has had an especially profound effect on the region. … The long-established Indian Ocean exchange between textiles moving eastward and spices and gold westward is central to the development of Southeast Asia.