The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. … According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal).
Who gave the name Calcutta?
The rent-roll of Akbar, the 16th century Mughal emperor, and the work of a Bengali poet, Bipradas Pipilai, of the late 15th century, both make mention of the city’s early name’s being Kolikata, from which Kolkata/Calcutta derive.
What does the word Calcutta mean?
There are several theories about the origin of Kolkata, erstwhile Calcutta in English, the name of the capital of the eastern Indian state of West Bengal. … The name derived from the location of the original settlement beside a khal (which means canal in English)
Why did Calcutta rise under British?
Although Calcutta was setup after Surat, Madras and Bombay, Calcutta quickly grew due to be the most important city of British India due to the seat of the government and the prosperity of the surrounding region.
What is Calcutta famous for?
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta, is the educational, commercial and cultural centre of the Eastern part of India, and is the third most populous metropolitan city of India. Kolkata is a pioneer in the field of drama, arts, theatre and literature with several nobel laureates contributing to the Kolkata culture.
Is Kolkata a poor city?
Calcutta is unique among Indian cities. Not for its poverty and destitution, although it has become world famous for that. It is unique because alone of all the cities in the vast Indian sub-continent it has an underground railway. There is only one line about 10 miles long with 16 stations.
Is Kolkata named after Kali?
The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal).
Is a Calcutta gambling?
A Calcutta is a form of gambling observed most often locally in charity golf tournaments. … The highest bidder is said to have bought a team in the Calcutta. Every team is auctioned and the money collected is called the Calcutta Pool. If his team wins the golf tournament, the bettor wins the Calcutta Pool.
What does Calcutta mean in bowling?
A Calcutta auction is an open auction held in conjunction with a golf tournament, horse race or similar contest with multiple entrants. … The precise rules of a Calcutta can vary from place to place; many tournament organizers employ software programs that apply odds and determine win-place-show amounts.
What was Calcutta called before?
Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.
What is the old name of Bengal?
The name of Bengal or Bangla is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. In early Sanskrit literature references to the name of Banga occur, through its early history is almost obscure until the 3rd century BC. However, Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the State.
Why did the British choose Bengal?
The beginnings of British political sway over India may be traced to the battle of Plassey in 1757, when the English East India Company’s forces defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal. … Bengal was the most fertile and the richest of India’s provinces. Its industries and commerce were well developed.