The Pitt’s India Act was passed by the British Parliament in 1784 in order to remedy the deficiencies of the Legislation Act of 1773. Thus, Option B is the correct answer. Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General of Bengal to hold office from 1772 to 1785.
Why Pitt’s India Act was passed?
Pitt’s India Act of 1784 was passed to remove the defects of the Regulating Act of 1773. It differentiated the commercial and political affairs of the Company. Thus it established a system of double government in India by Crown in Great Britain and the British East India Company.
Why did the British passed the Pitt’s India Act list any two reasons?
The Act was significant for two reasons. Firstly, the company’s territories in India were for the first time called the ‘British possession in India‘ and secondly, British Government was given the supreme control over Company’s affairs and its administration in India.
What was the most important provision of the Pitt’s India Act?
Pitt’s India Act provided for the appointment of a Board of Control, and provided for a joint government of British India by both the Company and the Crown with the government holding the ultimate authority.
Who started ICS exam in India?
Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’. Cornwallis introduced two divisions of the Indian Civil service—covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., British personnel) occupying the higher posts in the government.
Which weaknesses of the Regulating Act were removed by the Pitt’s India Act?
The act had its shortcomings, as the Governor-General had no control over the council, he could only function with the majority opinion of the council. It also failed to stop the corruption among the company officials and the Governor-General had no veto power.
Why did the Regulating Act of 1773 Fail?
The major drawbacks of The Regulating Act of 1773 are stated below: The Governor-General had no veto power. … The parliamentary control that was sought in the activities of the company proved to be ineffective as there was no mechanism to study the reports sent by the Governor-General in Council.