What was the condition of India after World war 1?
1. The war produced a new economic and political circumstance. 2. It commenced to a tremendous expansion in defense investment which was funded by war loans and raising taxes; customs tariffs were advanced and income tax proposed.
What were the effects in India after ww1?
In fact, as the war continued the economic and political climate in the country deteriorated. The war years were difficult ones for Indians on the home front whose lives were negatively impacted by massive recruitment efforts, high taxes and a sharp rise in prices.
What was the condition during World war 1?
Disease and ‘shell shock’ were rampant in the trenches.
With soldiers fighting in close proximity in the trenches, usually in unsanitary conditions, infectious diseases such as dysentery, cholera and typhoid fever were common and spread rapidly.
What was the impact of first world war on India?
India’s economy was impacted by the First World War in the following ways: i) The government raised taxes on individual salaries and company profits to cover a massive increase in defence spending.
How did WWI affect Indian economy?
The First World War led to a huge rise in the defence expenditure of the Government of India. … The war created a demand for industrial goods such as jute bags, cloth and rails, and caused a decline in the imports from other countries into India. As a result, Indian industries expanded during the war.
How did WW1 affect relations between India and Britain?
At the start of World War 1, Britain controlled India as part of the British Empire. Most of the people of India wanted independence, and protests toward this end had already gone on for awhile, but so far the British government had contained the protests and maintained their hold on India.
Why did Germany join ww1?
Germany entered World War I because it was an official ally of Austria-Hungary, which had declared war on Serbia after a Serbian nationalist shot the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. Germany’s allies were Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria.
How did World War 1 affect international relations?
The First World War destroyed empires, created numerous new nation-states, encouraged independence movements in Europe’s colonies, forced the United States to become a world power and led directly to Soviet communism and the rise of Hitler.
What are 3 significant effects of WWII?
Many civilians died because of deliberate genocide, massacres, mass-bombings, disease, and starvation. The Soviet Union lost around 27 million people during the war, including 8.7 million military and 19 million civilian deaths.