Why does Indian agriculture mostly depend on monsoon rain?

Most Indian farmers rely on good crop produce during Monsoon to earn their living and in order to overcome debts incurred. Crop failure and/or deficient rainfall is one big reason for mass farmer suicides across the country.

Why do farmers in India depend on monsoon rainfall?

Why is the monsoon critical for agriculture in India? The south-west monsoon irrigates over half of India’s crop land. Its arrival marks the beginning of the cultivation of rain-fed kharif crops which are heavily dependent on the monsoon—the quantity of rainfall determines agricultural production.

Why do we say that Indian agriculture is dependent on monsoon?

Good rains during the season result in bountiful crops which further benefit the farmers. A major portion of the country’s crop area is completely dependent on Monsoon rains as they’re not equipped with methods of manual irrigation. Simply speaking, the Indian economy gains due to good Monsoon rains in the country.

Why agriculture is dependent on monsoon?

A major portion of the country’s crop area is completely dependent on monsoon rains as it is not equipped with methods of manual irrigation. The Indian economy gains due to good monsoon rains in the country. Farm output goes up, boosting demand for consumer goods as well as income of rural people.

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How does monsoon affect Indian agriculture?

The South-West monsoon is considered vital for the cultivation of Kharif crops, which are heavily dependent on rain as the quantity of rainfall determines the production numbers in the case of these crops. The delay of monsoon is not considered unusual. In 2019 and 2020, the monsoon had hit the Kerala coast on June 8.

How can monsoon affects farmers?

While too little rainfall during the summer monsoon can cause dire conditions for farmers on land, too much rainfall and overly strong winds can make coastal waters unsafe, preventing fishermen throughout South Asia from heading to sea to catch the fish they depend on for income.

What percentage of India’s land is rain dependent?

With around 55% of India’s arable land dependent on precipitation, the amount of rainfall during the current monsoon season could sway economic activity in the agriculture sector and industries linked to it.

What is Indian economy is mainly dependent on?

One of the most important sectors of the Indian economy remains Agriculture. Its share in the GDP of the country has declined and is currently at 14%. However, more than 50% of the total population of the country is still dependent on agriculture.

What percentage of Indian population depends on agriculture?

Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal. In 2017-18, total food grain production was estimated at 275 million tonnes (MT).

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Why is monsoon so important for India?

Why is it so important to have normal rains? The monsoon is critical for agriculture in the country since nearly 60% of India’s net arable land lacks irrigation. The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of several grains and pulses, including rice, wheat, and sugarcane.

Which agriculture is dependent on monsoon only?

Monsoon friendly crops with a high requirement of water like sugarcane, jute and paddy can easily be cultivated during summers, in areas with a high proximity for monsoons. Whereas, crops like wheat and barley require moderate temperature and water, and therefore can only be grown in winters.

Which agriculture is dependent on monsoon only Mcq?

Solution: The correct answer is Wheat. Kharif crops, also known as monsoon crops, are the crops which are grown during the monsoon or rainy season i.e., June to October.

Which is the biggest occupation in our country?

Answer: The ‘main occupation‘ of our country is Agriculture or in other terms, known as farming. It is true as about 70% of the country’s population is employed in this occupation.

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