Why was the Indian Ocean trade network important?
As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. … These were Africa’s imports in the Indian Ocean Trade. The city-states along the eastern coast of Africa made ideal centers of trade. An important attraction was the gold obtained from inland kingdoms.
Why was the Indian Ocean trade so successful?
Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.
Why was Indian Ocean trade faster easier and more efficient?
The Indian Ocean trade routes greatly facilitated the spread of Islam. … Since it was easier to reach Africa, Islam spread more easily and rapidly to it. Moreover, because the trading was much quicker, people were able to trade necessities, which stimulated trade even more.
What is special about the Indian Ocean?
This ocean holds a unique place owing to its properties. As mentioned in the Indian Ocean facts, the water here has highest concentration of dissolved and floating hydrocarbons, has maximum negative water balance and is single source of water of highest and lowest salinity levels.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
What was China’s role in Indian Ocean trade?
China’s expansion in the Indian Ocean calls for European engagement. The Indian Ocean is a critical link in global trade routes, with 80 percent of global seaborne trade passing through it. … Eighty percent of China’s oil imports come through the Malacca Strait, the Indian Ocean’s busiest “chokepoint”.
What was one significant effect of the Indian Ocean trade?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
What did Aden trade in the Indian Ocean trade?
After they arrived in Aden, they were taken to Africa, Europe and the rest of the Arab world. The commodities imported into India included incense, Arabian horses, gold and dry fruits, among other products.
How did the Arabian Sea help India?
Resources. Petroleum and natural-gas deposits have been discovered in the Arabian Sea on the continental shelf off the coast of India to the west and northwest of Mumbai (Bombay) and have been intensively exploited.