You asked: How do the monsoons affect India and its climate?

Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia. The summer monsoon is associated with heavy rainfall. … The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas.

How do monsoons affect the climate of India?

Monsoons dominate India’s climate. … Monsoon winds blow from cold to warm regions because cold air takes up more space than warm air. So, monsoons blow from the land toward the sea in winter and from the sea toward land in the summer. India’s winters are hot and dry.

Why are monsoons an important part of India’s climate?

Monsoon – Climate in India

Winds coming from the Indian Ocean absorb wet air on their way to the Indian subcontinent. During this period much of India receives heavy rainfall. … The monsoon is very important for India’s agriculture. It brings rain to normally dry areas so that crops like rice and corn can grow there.

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How are monsoon affected by climate change?

A new study points to more destructive storms. Global warming is likely to make India’s monsoon season wetter and more dangerous, new research suggests. Scientists have known for years that climate change is disrupting monsoon season.

How do they affect India’s weather and climate?

The climate of India depends greatly on monsoon winds. The monsoons usually happen due to the differential heating of land and water. … Thus, the changes in pressure conditions also affect the monsoons.

What season do monsoons start?

It usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon.

What are monsoons caused by?

The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.

How do monsoons affect people’s lives?

During summer monsoons, heavy rainfall can cause flooding. Powerful floodwaters can drown victims and damage buildings, leaving people without homes and vulnerable to the elements. During the 2014 summer monsoon in Pakistan and India, nearly 300 people lost their lives during landslides and home collapses.

What are the positive and negative effects of monsoons?

Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. … However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.

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What are the positive effects of monsoons?

Thanks to improved food storage and technological advances, this type of mass starvation is less likely today, but without the monsoon, food supplies would be greatly reduced, and many people would go hungry. Monsoon rains also help to grow food for animals.

What is monsoon type of climate?

The Monsoon Zone is a belt of low-pressure air currents that circle the Earth at the Equator. The Monsoon Zone is also known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). The Monsoon Zone is usually warm and experiences mild winds. At sea, the Monsoon Zone is known as the Doldrums due to its lack of winds.

What are the main causes of flooding in India?

Recurrent floods in India : Causes, Impact & Solution

  • Causes. …
  • Heavy rainfall: It is the primary cause for floods in India. …
  • Siltation of the Rivers: Heavy siltation of the river bed reduces the water carrying capacity of the rivers and streams leading to flooding.

Are monsoons unpredictable?

The monsoon, which brings to India the rain that is the lifeblood of Indian farming, first came to the subcontinent between 60 million and 80 million years ago. Since then, the only predictability about the monsoon is the unpredictability of its exact arrival date.

Which month is very cold?

It is very hot in summer (April – July) and cold in winter (December – January).


Seasons Winter
Month December to January
Av. Temp (Min-Max) 5o to 25o
Climate Very Cool
Clothing Woolen & Body Warmers
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Why is India hotter than other countries?

As Earth’s highest and most massive mountain range, the Himalayas bar the influx of frigid katabatic winds from the icy Tibetan Plateau and northerly Central Asia. Most of North India is thus kept warm or is only mildly chilly or cold during winter; the same thermal dam keeps most regions in India hot in summer.

What are the 6 seasons in India?

Here is a guide tour to the 6 seasons of India as per the Hindu…

  • Spring (Vasant Ritu) …
  • Summer (Grishma Ritu) …
  • Monsoon (Varsha Ritu) …
  • Autumn (Sharad Ritu) …
  • Pre-winter (Hemant Ritu) …
  • Winter (Shishir or Shita Ritu)
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