On 28 December 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay, with 72 delegates in attendance. Hume assumed office as the General Secretary, and Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee of Calcutta was elected president.
Why was the Indian National Congress formed quizlet?
In 1885, a small group of Indians met in Mumbai to form the Indian National Congress(INC). The goal of INC was to seek independence for all Indians, regardless of class or religious background. … It aim was to force the British to improve the lot of the poor and grant independence to India.
Who founded India?
Christopher Columbus’ unsuccessful search for a western maritime route to India resulted in the “discovery” of the Americas in 1492, but it was Vasco da Gama who ultimately established the Carreira da India, or India Route, when he sailed around Africa and into the Indian Ocean, landing at Calicut (modern Kozhikode), …
Who are the moderates of India?
The Early Nationalists, also known as the Moderates, were a group of political leaders in India active between 1885 and 1907. Their emergence marked the beginning of the organised national movement in India. Some of the important moderate leaders were Pherozeshah Mehta and Dadabhai Naoroji.
Who was AO Hume Class 10?
Allan Octavian Hume, CB ICS (4 June 1829 – 31 July 1912) was a British member of the Imperial Civil Service (later the Indian Civil Service), a political reformer, ornithologist and botanist who worked in British India. He was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress.
Who Organised Indian National Army?
The Indian National Army (INA) was originally founded by Capt Mohan Singh in Singapore in September 1942 with Japan’s Indian POWs . This was along the concept of- and with support of- what was then known as the Indian Independence League,headed by expatriate nationalist leader Rash Behari Bose.
Why Congress was founded?
Retired British Indian Civil Service (ICS) officer Allan Octavian Hume founded the Indian National Congress (A political party of India (British India to Free India)) in order to form a platform for civil and political dialogue among educated Indians.
Who is the first woman president of Indian National Congress?
List of presidents of the Indian National Congress
|President of the Indian National Congress|
|Incumbent Sonia Gandhi since 10 August 2019|
|Indian National Congress|
|Type||Political Party Office|
|Residence||24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001|
Who imposed emergency in India in 1975?
The Emergency in India was a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had a state of emergency declared across the country.