Hooghly was also the first English settlement (1651) in Lower Bengal; it was abandoned in 1690 for Calcutta (now Kolkata). Chinsurah was an important 17th-century settlement of the Dutch, who built a factory (trading station) there in 1656.
Where in Bengal did the Dutch established their first Centre?
In India, they established the first factory in Masulipattanam in 1605, followed by Pulicat in 1610, Surat in 1616, Bimilipatam in 1641 and Chinsura in 1653. In Bengal, they established a factory in Pipli, but it was abandoned later.
Which factory in Bengal was established by the Dutch?
While Hooghly was established by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Chinsura was established by the Dutch in the 17th century. The factory at Chinsura was the headquarters for all the Dutch agencies and factories in Bihar, Bengal, Orissa and Bangladesh.
Why did the Dutch leave India?
Netherland had got independence from Spanish Empire in 1581. Due to war of independence, the ports in Spain for Dutch were closed. This forced them to find out a route to India and east to enable direct trade.
Did the Dutch rule India?
History. Dutch presence on the Indian subcontinent lasted from 1605 to 1825. … Although Dutch Coromandel and Dutch Bengal were restored to Dutch rule by virtue of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, they returned to British rule owing to the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.
What was the main contribution of the Dutch?
Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. This is the greatest ever contribution of the Dutch to the world of plants. Hortus Malabaricus literally means the ‘wealth of flora in Malabar’. Published in 12 volumes, between 1678-1703 from Amsterdam, this book is considered as the first book in which Malayalam alphabets were printed.
Why did the Dutch East India Company fail?
Socio-economic changes in Europe, the shift in power balance, and less successful financial management resulted in a slow decline of the VOC between 1720 and 1799. After the financially disastrous Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (1780–1784), the company was nationalised in 1796, and finally dissolved on 31 December 1799.
Which were the main Dutch trading Centres in India?
- Surat (1616-1795)
- Agra (1621-1720)
- Kanpur (1650-1685)
- Ahmadabad (1617-1744)
- Bharuch (of Brochia, Broach)
- Vengurla (1637-1685)
- Kundapura (1667- ca.1682)
Which were the trading Centres of Dutch in India?
After the Portuguese, Dutch from the Netherlands arrived in India . In 1602 CE Dutch East India Company” was established. Agra, Machalipatnam, Surat, Karaikal, Nagapatnam, Cochin and such other places were Dutch trading centres in India.
What is India called in Dutch?
van de Indianen, Mod.
Who first entered in India?
Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast.
Which were the Portuguese colonies in India?
Portuguese India consisted of several isolated tracts: (1) the territory of Goa with the capital, a considerable area in the middle of the west coast of India; (2) Damão, or Daman, with the separated territories of Dadrá and Nagar Haveli, north of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and lying between the Indian states of …