Worldwide, nearly 3,500 species of mosquitoes have been identified, while in India alone, there are over 400 species, and almost all of them carry diseases. Malaria is typically caused by the parasite called Plasmodium carried by female Anopheles mosquitoes. These vectors transmit the disease mainly by biting a person.
Is malaria the only disease mosquitoes carry?
Mosquito-borne diseases are those spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Diseases that are spread to people by mosquitoes include Zika virus, West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus, dengue, and malaria.
Is malaria common in India?
Unlike other countries in Asia, malaria is holoendemic in India (except at elevations >6,562 ft; 2,000 m) and occurs in both rural and urban areas. Rates of Plasmodium falciparum have increased in the last few decades, and chemoprophylaxis is recommended for all destinations.
What diseases do mosquitoes carry in India?
Furthermore, diseases that are spread to people via mosquitoes are namely chikungunya, dengue fever, malarial fever and rarely seen infections like yellow fever and Zika virus disease. To top it all, monsoon is underway and diseases like chikungunya, dengue, and malaria are prevalent in these conditions.
Can all mosquitoes transmit malaria Why or why not?
Only Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria and they must have been infected through a previous blood meal taken from an infected person. When a mosquito bites an infected person, a small amount of blood is taken in which contains microscopic malaria parasites.
Can you get an STD from a mosquito?
Zika — the mosquito-borne disease that impacts fetal brain development — has been shown to be sexually transmitted (making it the only known vector disease that can be transmitted sexually and via mosquitos).
Can mosquitoes carry STDs?
Mosquitoes are so biologically disparate to humans that the virus is therefore unable to replicate and then broken down within the mosquito’s “gut.” Similarly, mosquitoes are not suitable hosts for other STDs either. (Good rule of thumb to remember: STDs are called sexually transmitted diseases for a reason.
Where is malaria most common in India?
The central and eastern regions of India report the most malaria (Figure 2), particularly the eastern states of Orissa, West Bengal, and Jharkhand, the central states of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, and the western states of Gujarat, Karnataka and Rajasthan, with the largest number of deaths reported in Orissa ( …
What are the 5 types of malaria?
What Are the Different Types of Malaria Parasites?
- Plasmodium falciparum (or P. falciparum)
- Plasmodium malariae (or P. malariae)
- Plasmodium vivax (or P. vivax)
- Plasmodium ovale (or P. ovale)
- Plasmodium knowlesi (or P. knowlesi)
Is India declared malaria free?
ACHIEVING A MALARIA-FREE INDIA
Since 2000, India cut malaria cases by more than half and the number of malaria deaths by more than two-thirds. … Ending Malaria remains a top government priority in India. In 2016, India introduced its first National Framework for Malaria Elimination (2016-2030).
Which is the largest mosquito in India?
The Gallinipper Mosquito can grow 20 times as large as the Asian Tiger mosquito – it ranges from 12.7 – 25.4mm (0.5 – 1in) – that’s an inch-long mosquito!
Is malaria a virus?
A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.
What diseases can you catch in India?
India: Top infectious disease concerns in world’s second most populous country
- Visceral leishmaniasis. Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar, is caused by the vector borne parasite, Leishmania donovani and can cause very serious systemic disease. …
- Dengue fever. …
- Malaria. …
- Lymphatic Filariasis. …
- Trachoma. …
- Leprosy. …