Chennai is an extreme example of a problem that is increasingly disrupting cities around the world that are also grappling with rapid population increases. Sao Paulo, Beijing, Cairo and Jakarta are among urban centers facing severe water scarcity.
Did Chennai run out of water?
The city hit what it called Day Zero as all its main reservoirs ran dry, forcing the government to truck in drinking water. … Residents fill pots from a water truck on July 4, 2019, when Chennai became one of the first major cities in the world to run dry.
How does Chennai get water?
Chennai receives most of its water from Poondi Lake (3,231 Mcft), Sholavaram Lake (881 Mcft), Red Hills Lake (3,300 Mcft) and Chembarambakkam Lake (3,645 Mcft). … This lake receives water from Cauvery River system through Kollidam, Lower Anicut and Vadavar Canal besides rainwater from its own catchment area.
Which areas in Chennai faces severe water shortage?
There are four reservoirs in the city, namely, Red Hills, Cholavaram, Poondi and Chembarambakkam, with a combined capacity of 11,057 mcft.
How can we solve the water crisis in Chennai?
Chennai currently has two desalination plants supplying 200 MLD. After the current crisis, work on another desalination plant has been initiated that would supply 150 MLD at a cost of 1,259 crore by 2021, with a plan to add another of 400 MLD capacity.
When did Chennai water crisis start?
In 2015, Chennai suffered its worst inundation in a century. The northeast monsoon dumped as much as 494mm (19.4 inches) of rain on the city in a single day. More than 400 people in the state were killed and 1.8 million were flooded out of their homes.
Which areas in Chennai has good ground water?
North Chennai rests on sedimentary rock, with sandstone and sand or shale forming the layers beneath the topsoil, making it conducive for good groundwater yield. The hydrogeology of this area is impacted by the flow of the three lifelines of the city — Adyar, Cooum and Kosasthalaiyar rivers.
Which is the best area to live in Chennai?
Here are our top five neighbourhoods to live in Chennai.
- Teynampet. Teynampet is one of the busiest commercial areas in Chennai and derives its name from the vast swathes of coconut groves that used to exist here. …
- Adyar. …
- Tambaram. …
- Nungambakkam. …
- Anna Nagar.
How many water tankers are there in Chennai?
At present, nearly 650 tankers are operated, including those on payment. However, the quantum of water supply through tankers has reduced in the past few months. Of 830 million litres of water supplied daily in the city, nearly 32 mld is supplied through tankers, including to added areas.
How bad is the water crisis?
Fast facts: Global water crisis
785 million people lack access to clean water. That’s one in 10 people on the planet. Women and girls spend an estimated 200 million hours hauling water every day. The average woman in rural Africa walks 6 kilometers every day to haul 40 pounds of water.
Which is the main source of water?
Complete answer: The main source of water is the rainwater. The water cycle is a process that involves evaporation, condensation and precipitation and the output is rainwater. The water source is important in the water cycle.
How can we stop water scarcity?
How are people reducing water scarcity?
- Developing water filtration systems.
- Promoting water stewardship.
- Protecting wetlands.
- Improving irrigation efficiency.
- Increasing water storage in reservoirs.
How can we help the water crisis in India?
Employing agricultural practices such as planting crops that require less water, setting up irrigation systems without leakages, and developing farm-based water conservation structures is very important. This can aid in the protection of forests and development of horticulture.