One major change was the increased involvement of the Europeans in the commerce of the Indian Ocean over time. … (one continuity)The Indian Ocean trade was made easier by the monsoon winds that circulated between Asia and the Eastern coast which reduced travel times, and produced favorable wind currents.
Was Europe involved in the Indian Ocean trade?
While the European corporate enterprises operating in Asia concentrated by and large on the inter- continental trade with Europe, the private European merchants participated in a substantial way in trade within the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea trading network.
What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
Why did European traders want access to the Indian Ocean trade complex?
Why did Europeans want access to the Indian Ocean? It was where the wealth of the world was predominantly located in the 1400s. By using the Indian Ocean, empires were able to trade without using middlemen, resulting in lower prices, boosting the economy.
How did the Indian Ocean change over time?
Two major changes on the eastern and western ends of the Indian Ocean affected trade in the period from 300 CE to 1450 CE. In China, the Tang and Song Dynasties (618-1279 CE) reunited large areas of China and began a time of prosperity and development. Some historians compare it to an industrial revolution.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
When was Indian Ocean trade at its highest?
During the medieval era (400–1450 CE), trade flourished in the Indian Ocean basin.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
What effect did the Portuguese have on Indian Ocean trade?
Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
What did Aden trade in the Indian Ocean trade?
After they arrived in Aden, they were taken to Africa, Europe and the rest of the Arab world. The commodities imported into India included incense, Arabian horses, gold and dry fruits, among other products.
Which was the main Centre of trade between India and Europe?
France, Germany and UK collectively represent the major part of EU-India trade.
Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?
11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect Southeast Asia?
The Indian Ocean has had an especially profound effect on the region. … The long-established Indian Ocean exchange between textiles moving eastward and spices and gold westward is central to the development of Southeast Asia.