Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia. The summer monsoon is associated with heavy rainfall. … The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas.
Why are monsoons an important part of India’s climate?
Monsoon – Climate in India
Winds coming from the Indian Ocean absorb wet air on their way to the Indian subcontinent. During this period much of India receives heavy rainfall. … The monsoon is very important for India’s agriculture. It brings rain to normally dry areas so that crops like rice and corn can grow there.
How are monsoon affected by climate change?
A new study points to more destructive storms. Global warming is likely to make India’s monsoon season wetter and more dangerous, new research suggests. Scientists have known for years that climate change is disrupting monsoon season.
What are the effects of monsoon rainfall in India?
(b) A large part of the country’s agriculture is mainly dependent upon the monsoon rains. (c) There is great variation in the rainfall received by the different parts of the country, somewhere it leads to floods and its absence in other parts leads to drought like conditions.
How does monsoon affect Indian agriculture?
The South-West monsoon is considered vital for the cultivation of Kharif crops, which are heavily dependent on rain as the quantity of rainfall determines the production numbers in the case of these crops. The delay of monsoon is not considered unusual. In 2019 and 2020, the monsoon had hit the Kerala coast on June 8.
How do monsoons affect people’s lives?
During summer monsoons, heavy rainfall can cause flooding. Powerful floodwaters can drown victims and damage buildings, leaving people without homes and vulnerable to the elements. During the 2014 summer monsoon in Pakistan and India, nearly 300 people lost their lives during landslides and home collapses.
How is monsoon important for us?
A good monsoon brings economic prosperity for the whole country and boosts the Indian economy as agriculture contributes around 16 percent of its total Gross domestic product (GDP). High temperatures and heavy rainfall in the summer months are important for different types of Kharif crops.
What are the positive and negative effects of monsoons?
Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. … However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.
How is climate change affecting India?
Heat waves’ frequency and power are increasing in India because of climate change. The number of heat wave days has increased — not just day temperature, night temperatures increased also. 2018 was the country’s sixth hottest year on record, and 11 of its 15 warmest years have occurred since 2004.
What causes a monsoon?
The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. … This low pressure regions sees continuous rise of moist wind from the sea surface to the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the cooling means the air can no longer hold so much moisture resulting in precipitation.
What are the disadvantages of monsoon?
Because regions with a monsoon climate have distinctly wet and dry seasons, they are prone to floods and droughts, both of which are hazardous to health. During summer monsoons, heavy rainfall can cause flooding.
What would happen if monsoons are weak?
When the summer monsoon is late or weak, the regions economy suffers. Fewer people can grow their own food, and large agribusinesses do not have produce to sell. Governments must import food. Electricity becomes more expensive, sometimes limiting development to large businesses and wealthy individuals.
What are the main characteristics of rainfall in India?
The main characteristics of summer rainfall are as follows:
- Monsoonal Rainfall: Most of the rain is received from S.W. …
- Uncertain Rainfall: Summer rainfall is quite uncertain. …
- Unequal Distribution: The rainfall is unevenly distributed over the country. …
- Heavy Rainfall: Indian rainfall is heavy and downpouring type.
What is Indian economy is mainly dependent on?
One of the most important sectors of the Indian economy remains Agriculture. Its share in the GDP of the country has declined and is currently at 14%. However, more than 50% of the total population of the country is still dependent on agriculture.
How does monsoon affect Indian economy?
The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. Farming makes up about 15% of India’s $2.5 trillion economy but employs more than half of its 1.3 billion people.
How do monsoon help farmers?
An off-balance monsoon season spells doom for the agricultural sector in India. While more than normal rain floods the kharif farms and results in serious crop damage or loss, it helps the rabi season by ensuring the reservoirs have enough water.