Before independence, India was divided into 565 princely states. These indigenous princely states believed in independent governance, which was the biggest obstacle in building a strong India.
How many states were there in India at the time of independence?
At the time of the British withdrawal, 565 princely states were officially recognised in the Indian subcontinent, apart from thousands of zamindari estates and jagirs. In 1947, princely states covered 40% of the area of pre-independence India and constituted 23% of its population.
Which is the first state of India?
Thus,Andhra became the first state in India in 1953 with Kurnool as its capital.
What were the 2 states in India before 1947?
the 2 types of states in India before 1947 were princely state and province state. provinces were british territories completely under british control. princely states are also called as native states.
Which is the India’s richest state?
|Rank||State/Union Territory||Nominal GDP ₹ lakh crore = INR trillions; USD billions|
|1||Maharashtra||₹32.24 lakh crore (US$450 billion)|
|2||Tamil Nadu||₹19.43 lakh crore (US$270 billion)|
|3||Uttar Pradesh||₹17.05 lakh crore (US$240 billion)|
|4||Karnataka||₹16.65 lakh crore (US$230 billion)|
Which is the 29th state in India?
Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh.
Who was merged princely states in India?
Travancore and Cochin were merged in the middle of 1949 to form the princely union of Travancore-Cochin. The only princely states which signed neither Covenants of Merger nor Merger Agreements were Kashmir, Mysore and Hyderabad.
Who decided partition of India?
The British Prime Minister Attlee appointed Lord Louis Mountbatten as India’s last viceroy, giving him the task to oversee British India’s independence by June 1948, with the instruction to avoid partition and preserve a United India, but with adaptable authority to ensure a British withdrawal with minimal setbacks.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Which state in India was not under British rule?
The Kingdom of Sikkim was established as a princely state after the Anglo-Sikkimese Treaty of 1861; however, the issue of sovereignty was left undefined. The Maldive Islands were a British protectorate from 1887 to 1965, but not part of British India.
Why did Britishers leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.