Cotton was a main raw material of the industrial revolution. Its strong fibres were uniquely suited to the hard mechanical treatment in the spinning machinery. The fibre was cultivated in the colonies in India and the Middle East and in the USA, where until 1860 it was produced largely by slave labour.
How did the Industrial Revolution affect the cotton industry in India?
Indian farmers were forced to produce cotton plantation so that it can fuel English factories as India was then under British rule. 4. Industrial Revolution brought severe consequences to society. Farmers were forced to grow cash crops in place of food crops, which resulted in awfully deadly famines in India.
How did the Industrial Revolution impact the Indian textiles?
After the Industrial Revolution, Britain started producing machine-made goods and textiles that were much cheaper than the Indian goods. They were also often better in quality. Indian handicrafts slowly died because they could not compete against the cheaper products from Britain that were flooding the Indian markets.
How did India cotton push Europe into the Industrial Revolution?
How did India cotton push Europe into the Industrial Revolution? So Indian cottons created the market and then British manufacturers invested in machines to increase production so that they could compete with India.
How did Indian cotton production lead to British industrialization?
Simply put, the production of raw cotton by slaves and the manufacturing of cloth by massive, specialized British industrial power culminated in high-quality cloth that was cheap enough to undermine the native cloth industries of practically every place then integrated into the global market system.
Who first used cotton for cloth?
In the Indus River Valley in Pakistan, cotton was being grown, spun and woven into cloth 3,000 years BC. At about the same time, natives of Egypt’s Nile valley were making and wearing cotton clothing.
Why was cotton so important in the Industrial Revolution?
Cotton was a main raw material of the industrial revolution. Its strong fibres were uniquely suited to the hard mechanical treatment in the spinning machinery. … Cotton fabrics are used for garments as well as interior textiles. In the 19th Century cotton became fashionable among the Europeans.
What was the effect of British Industrialisation on Indian industries?
Industrial Revolution in Britain had a significant impact on Indian economy. Exports of textiles from India came down as Europeans took over trade by getting concession and trade monopoly from Indian rulers. Colonial power expanded and led to the growth of cities like Bombay and Calcutta.
What was the impact of industrialization in India?
Ownership Pattern And Role of Industry
On one hand, the import of manufactured goods has been greatly minimized while on the other hand, import of India’s engineering goods has been maximized. Industrialization also brought the growth of managerial and technical skills which increased the efficacy in operations.
What are the impacts of the Industrial Revolution?
The Industrial Revolution brought about sweeping changes in economic and social organization. These changes included a wider distribution of wealth and increased international trade. Managerial hierarchies also developed to oversee the division of labor.
How did Europe affect India?
The Europeans came to India to trade for sugar, tea, cotton, ginger, pepper, and other spices, a blue dye called indigo, and jute. Jute is a tropical plant used for making rope. Eventually, India’s Mughal rulers became puppets of the British.
What raw materials did India have that Britain wanted?
The British used colonial India as a source of raw materials and a market for their manufactured goods. First, India supplied the British Empire with profitable natural resources such as spices, tea, and cotton. These items could be acquired in India and sold in England or her other colonies at huge profits.
Was India a rich country before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.