Enteric fever, also known as typhoid, is a common worldwide bacterial disease caused by the ingestion of contaminated food or water which contain the bacterium Salmonella enterica enterica, serovarTyphi. It is very common in India. Symptoms usually develop one to two weeks after exposure, and may be mild or severe.
In which season typhoid is common in India?
Among settings located 35°–11° N, the peak number of enteric fever cases occurs between May and October, which coincides with the monsoon season in many Asian countries.
What country has the highest rate of typhoid fever?
Typhoid fever is endemic in Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and Oceania, but 80% of cases come from Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, or Vietnam. Within those countries, typhoid fever is most common in underdeveloped areas.
How do you get typhoid India?
Paratyphi A. Humans are the only reservoir for these organisms. The main sources of infection are the stool and urine of infected persons, with the important vehicles being contaminated water, food and flies. The causative agent is either waterborne or foodborne for this gastrointestinal infection.
Is Typhoid vaccine necessary in India?
The typhoid vaccine schedule in India is included in the list of mandatory vaccinations to be administered right after the birth of a baby: Number of Doses – The first dose of the TCV is given at the age of 9-12 months. Recommended Ages – Ideally, the typhoid shot is recommended for children older than 2 years of age.
Which is the best medicine of typhoid?
Antibiotic therapy is the only effective treatment for typhoid fever.
Commonly prescribed antibiotics
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). In the United States, doctors often prescribe this for adults who aren’t pregnant. …
- Azithromycin (Zithromax). …
Which food is best in typhoid fever?
When suffering from Typhoid, it is recommended to eat a high-calorie diet and consume foods such as boiled potatoes, bananas, boiled rice, pasta, and white bread. Such foods give some strength and energy to typhoid patients.
Can typhoid be cured completely?
Yes, typhoid is dangerous, but curable. Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. Death occurred from overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, or intestinal perforation.
Which organ is affected by typhoid?
The gastrointestinal tract is more severely affected including liver, spleen, and muscles. Through bloodstream, bacteria can also reach gallbladder, lungs, and kidneys.
How long does typhoid stay in your body?
It is usually between seven and fourteen days, but can be as short as three days, or as long as 30 days. Untreated, the illness usually lasts for three to four weeks, but may be longer in a small number of cases. Symptoms vary from mild to severe and life-threatening. Lack of fluid in the body (dehydration) is a risk.
Can we kiss during typhoid?
Many of the members of the bacterial genus Salmonella are contagious. The organisms can be transferred from person to person by both direct (via saliva, fecal/oral spread, kissing) and indirect contact (for example, using contaminated eating utensils).
What is the starting stage of typhoid?
In early stages of the disease, symptoms include: abdominal pain, fever, and a general feeling of being unwell. These initial symptoms are similar to other illnesses. As typhoid fever gets worse, symptoms often include: High fever of up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
Is typhoid contagious by touch?
You can get typhoid fever by eating food or drinking water that’s contaminated with feces. This often happens due to someone not washing their hands after going to the bathroom. You can also get typhoid fever through close contact with someone who has it.
Is typhoid vaccine free?
In the UK, most people who get typhoid fever develop it while visiting India, Pakistan or Bangladesh. It’s therefore particularly important that you’re vaccinated if you’re visiting these countries. Vaccination against typhoid fever is usually free on the NHS from GP surgeries.
What is the cost of typhoid vaccine in India?
Though the vaccine is approved for use in India, it is not yet a part of India’s Universal Immunisation Programme. It’s retail price in India is Rs 1,500. Typhoid fever is caused by food and water contaminated by Salmonella Typhi (S.
How many typhoid injections do you need?
The typhoid vaccine is given as a single injection. A booster dose is then recommended every 2 years during possible exposure to typhoid.