India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947, after many decades of struggle. Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, joined the fight in 1914 and led the country to independence, using his method of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.
Why did the British give freedom to India?
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. … Nonetheless, in an earlier bid to win Congress support, Britain had promised to give India full independence once the war was over. Britain hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of the imperial defence.
Who gave the freedom to India?
Bose accepted the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, but ironically, Gandhiji himself became the cause of him leaving the Congress. But the two leaders always had respect for each other. At the time of India’s independence, Clement Attlee was the British Prime Minister. He came to Kolkata in 1956.
What led to Indian independence?
Often referred to as the ‘First War of Indian Independence,’ the revolt of 1857 was the result of a series of incidents, but the immediate reason for the revolt was the issue of ‘greased cartridges. ‘ The East India Company mistreated the Indian soldiers and discriminated between the Indian and the European soldiers.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Who named India?
The name “India” is originally derived from the name of the river Sindhu (Indus River) and has been in use in Greek since Herodotus (5th century BCE). The term appeared in Old English as early the 9th century and reemerged in Modern English in the 17th century.
Who was the first king of India?
Ans: Chandragupta Maurya was the first king/ruler of Ancient India.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
Why was India so valuable to the British Empire?
India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. … Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.
Who are freedom fighters of India?
Freedom Fighters Who Fought Valiantly in India’s Independence Movement
- India’s freedom movement against the British was witness to an overwhelming participation of people throughout the country. …
- Matangini Hazra. …
- Ram Prasad Bismil. …
- Bagha Jatin. …
- Bir Tikendrajit Singh. …
- Pingali Venkayya. …
- Tirot Sing Syiem. …
- Hemu Kalani.
Did Pakistan used to be part of India?
The Partition of India was the division of British India into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. … The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.