Question: How did the growth of Stonetowns show the growth of trade in the Indian Ocean?

How did Portugal affect trade in the Indian Ocean?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

What role did Europe play in the Indian Ocean trading network?

As the European powers established political control over important parts of Asia, turning Indonesia, India, Malaya, and much of Southeast Asia into colonies, reciprocal trade dissolved. Goods moved increasingly to Europe, while the former Asian trading empires grew poorer and collapsed.

How did the Indian Ocean trade develop?

The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.

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How did geography affect Indian Ocean trade routes?

The Indian Ocean trade routes used the geography to their advantage by utilizing the several islands along the way. The increased ports allowed for more goods to be traded. They found goods such as horses and camels and realized that there was trade to be done in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Which were the Portuguese colonies in India?

Portuguese India consisted of several isolated tracts: (1) the territory of Goa with the capital, a considerable area in the middle of the west coast of India; (2) Damão, or Daman, with the separated territories of Dadrá and Nagar Haveli, north of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and lying between the Indian states of …

How did the Portuguese enjoy monopoly in trade in India?

Portuguese and the Spice Trade. After Vasco de Gama discovered the sea route to India Portuguese ships monopolized the spice trade. … The price of pepper in Lisbon was one of what was when the pepper trade was controlled by Egyptian sultans. Portugal established a pepper monopoly by 1504.

Why was Srivijaya so important to Indian Ocean trade?

Srivijaya’s plentiful supply of gold-it’s access to the source of highly sought after spices, such as cloves, nutmeg, and mace-provided resources to attract supporters, to find an embryonic bureaucracy, and to create the military and naval forces that brought some security to the area.

What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?

. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.

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Which was the main Centre of trade between India and Europe?

France, Germany and UK collectively represent the major part of EU-India trade.

What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?

1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.

How did the Indian Ocean trade affect culture?

Indian Ocean commerce reshaped the people and societies that were a part of the exchange network. … These societies transformed as outside social and cultural practices reshaped their cultural traditions, and the wealth acquired through trade led to the rise of new trading cities and states.

Why is the Indian Ocean trade important?

The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.

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