In 1911, it was announced that the capital of British-held territories in India was to be transferred from Calcutta to Delhi. The name “New Delhi” was given in 1927, and the new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931.
Why was Delhi made the capital of India?
After the Mughals conquered the Delhi Sultanate, it became one of their main capitals, along with Agra and Lahore. The British originally ruled India from Calcutta, but moved the capital to the newly built district of New Delhi in 1911 because of the city’s symbolic value in India.
Who built New Delhi as the capital of India?
The city’s architecture and planning were done by two British architects, namely Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Edwin Lutyens. It was on 13 February 1931 that Lord Irwin, India’s Viceroy, inaugurated New Delhi as the new capital of the country.
How is Delhi the capital of India?
In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km) south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.
Why is Delhi called Delhi?
According to legend, the city was named for Raja Dhilu, a king who reigned in the region in the 1st century bce. The names by which the city has been known—including Delhi, Dehli, Dilli, and Dhilli, among others—likely are corruptions of his name.
What is India’s largest city?
India: Major Cities
- New Delhi, India’s capital, is a modern city with a population of more than 7 million people. …
- Bombay (Mumbai), India’s largest city, has a metropolitan area population of more than 15 million. …
- Calcutta (Kolkata) is India’s second largest city.
Is Delhi safe for foreigners?
Delhi is a very dangerous city that might leave a bad impression on travelers that come to India for the first time. Some travel guides advise tourists to visit some other Indian cities before they come to Delhi. … The level of crimes is high in Delhi, though foreigners rarely become victims.
Is Delhi a state?
Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. It is situated alongside River Yamuna and bordered by Haryana state on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh state to the east.
Is Delhi the same as New Delhi?
Although colloquially Delhi and New Delhi are used interchangeably to refer to the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), these are two distinct entities, with New Delhi forming a small part of the city of Delhi. … The foundation stone of New Delhi was laid by George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911.