On August 15, 1947, the Indian Independence Bill took effect, inaugurating a period of religious turmoil in India and Pakistan that would result in the deaths of hundreds of thousands, including Gandhi, who was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic in January 1948 during a prayer vigil to an area of Muslim-Hindu violence.
What happened in India after they gained their independence?
When British rule came to an end in 1947, the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. … The Constitution adopted in 1950 made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.
Why was Indian independence important?
Independence Day marks the end of British rule in 1947 and the establishment of a free and independent Indian nation. It also marks the anniversary of the partition of the subcontinent into two countries, India and Pakistan, which occurred at midnight on August 14–15, 1947.
What did independence bring along to India?
The British government proposed a plan, announced on 3 June 1947, that included these principles: Principle of the partition of British India was accepted by the British Government. Successor governments would be given dominion status. Autonomy and sovereignty to both countries.
Who Ruled India after independence?
Two governors-general held office between independence and India’s transformation into a republic: Lord Mountbatten (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50).
Dominion of India.
|Union of India Bhāratiya Adhirājya|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
|• 1948–1950||Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
|• 1947–1950||Jawaharlal Nehru|
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Did Pakistan used to be part of India?
The Partition of India was the division of British India into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. … The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
What is the impact of British rule in India?
The British were also responsible for Political, Administrative and Economic Unification of India. They brought the whole of India under their sovereign authority and united it, which the country has not experienced so far.
What was the immediate result of Indian independence?
The work of these various movements ultimately led to the Indian Independence Act 1947, which ended the suzerainty in India, and the creation of Pakistan.
Which countries are divided from India?
In August 1947, British India won its independence from the British and split into two new states that would rule themselves. The new countries were India and Pakistan. East Pakistan has since become Bangladesh.
How many years did India fight for independence?
Mohandas K. Gandhi launched and directed three major campaigns in the Indian Independence Movement: noncooperation in 1919-1922, the civil disobedience movement and the Salt Satyagraha of 1930-1931, and the Quit India movement from about 1940-1942.
Does Britain still rule India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
How old is India?
India is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. From the traces of hominoid activity discovered in the subcontinent, it is recognized that the area now known as India was inhabited approximately 250,000 years ago.