The State of Ohio has more than 70 Indian mounds, burial sites of the Adena and Hopewell tribes–the “mound builders”–who inhabited central and southern Ohio from roughly 3,000 BCE until the 16th century. Many of these sites are open to the public, including the dramatic and fascinating Serpent Mound.
How old are the mounds in Ohio?
This theory on the site’s origin was accepted until a 1991 site excavation used radiocarbon dating to determine that the mound was approximately 900 years old. This would suggest that the builders of the Serpent belonged to the Fort Ancient culture (A.D. 1000–1500).
What happened to the mounds in Ohio?
Although it appears that for the most part, the Mound Builders had left Ohio before Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, there were still a few Native Americans using burial practices similar to what the Mound Builders used. This type of activity disappeared completely some 300 years ago.
Who created earth mounds in what is now the state of Ohio?
Between A.D. 1 and A.D. 500, the people of the Hopewell culture “built a large and elaborate complex of earthen mounds, walls, ditches, and ponds in the southern flowing drainages of the Ohio River valley,” wrote Mark Lynott, the former manager and supervisory archaeologist at the Midwest Archaeological Center, in his …
How old are the effigy mounds?
Between 800 and 1,600 years ago, in the Late Woodland period, American Indians began building earthen effigy mounds in the shapes of mammals, birds, and reptiles. The hunter-gatherer culture that built these mounds thrived on the rich natural resources of the Mississippi waters, wetlands, and forests.
What was found beneath the Great Serpent Mound?
In fact, the head of the creature approaches a steep, natural cliff above the creek. The unique geologic formations suggest that a meteor struck the site approximately 250-300 million years ago, causing folded bedrock underneath the mound.
Are there pyramids in Ohio?
Miamisburg Mound is one of the two largest conical mounds in eastern North America. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the mound is 65 feet tall and 800 feet in circumference and contains 54,000 cubic yards of earth.
Why did the Mound Builders decline?
Mound construction was once again in decline by the time the first Europeans came to this region in the 1500s. Shortly thereafter, epidemic diseases introduced by early European explorers decimated native populations across the Southeast, causing catastrophic societal disruption.
What were Indian mounds used for?
The earliest mounds seem to have functioned both as public landmarks for seasonal gatherings and platforms for villages. Many of the shell mounds within the interior of the Southeast seem merely to have been piles of discarded freshwater mussel shells that marked the location of annual harvests and feasts.
How did they build the Serpent Mound?
The plateau on which the effigy mound was built is an astrobleme, the impact crater of a long-ago meteorite crash. Researchers from the University of Glasgow in Scotland worked with geologists from the Ohio state government in 2003 to study the impact crater, which is almost completely eroded away.
Why did Native Americans build Effigy Mounds?
The Effigy Moundbuilders also built linear or long rectangular mounds that were used for ceremonial purposes that remain a mystery. Some archeologists believe they were built to mark celestial events or seasonal observances. Others speculate they were constructed as territorial markers or as boundaries between groups.
What do Effigy Mounds mean?
An effigy mound is a raised pile of earth built in the shape of a stylized animal, symbol, religious figure, human, or other figure. Effigy mounds were primarily built during the Late Woodland Period (350-1300 CE). Effigy mounds were constructed in many Native American cultures.
What was the Effigy Mounds scandal?
Between 1999 and 2010, under superintendent Phyllis Ewing, Effigy Mounds essentially went rogue. … They built three elevated boardwalks, one of which punched hundreds of postholes into an archaeologically sensitive area home to the remnants of 60 mounds. They built a maintenance shed over part of a hidden burial mound.