What is the impact of monsoon in India?
Over half of India’s population works in agriculture, and monsoon rains directly affect their incomes and livelihood. Agriculture adds up to more than 15% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which means that when crops fail because of too little rain, the economy suffers.
Which statement best explains why India’s winter monsoon winds are dry and cool?
. The Himalayas block both the rain and cold air carried by the winter monsoon winds. Which statement best explains why India’s winter monsoon winds are dry and cool? They added important nutrients to the soil that improved farming.
What are the impacts of monsoons?
The monsoon also has an impact upon human health. Two types of disease peak during the rainy season. They are diseases spread by mosquitoes and water borne infections. Mosquitoes breed in the ephemeral water bodies created by the rains and malaria and dengue fever cases increase.
What geographic occurrence led to the creation of the Himalayan mountains?
The Himalayan mountain range and Tibetan plateau have formed as a result of the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate which began 50 million years ago and continues today. 225 million years ago (Ma) India was a large island situated off the Australian coast and separated from Asia by the Tethys Ocean.
What are the positive and negative effects of monsoons in India?
The negative effects of the monsoon winds are that huge amounts of precipitation fall, leading to large floods. A positive effect brings fertility to the soil, and contributes to a good yield in agriculture. … Monsoon winds are steady and change twice a year. They have their strongest activity in the Indian Ocean area.
Why is the monsoon so important to India?
The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. Farming makes up about 15% of India’s $2.5 trillion economy but employs more than half of its 1.3 billion people.
What season do monsoons start?
It usually happens between April and September. As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon.
What is the importance of monsoon?
A good monsoon brings economic prosperity for the whole country and boosts the Indian economy as agriculture contributes around 16 percent of its total Gross domestic product (GDP). High temperatures and heavy rainfall in the summer months are important for different types of Kharif crops.
What causes Indian monsoon?
What Causes the Monsoon in India. The monsoon is caused by differing temperature trends over the land and ocean. … During the monsoon, the wind direction reverses. Moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean come to fill up the void, but because they can’t pass through the Himalayas region, they’re forced to rise.
What are the positive and negative effects of monsoon?
Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. 3.2 C). However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.
Are monsoons good or bad?
Monsoons are both helpful and harmful.
Although we often associate monsoons with harmful and destructive rain storms, the rains they bring are important for crop production. Summer monsoons in Asia are essential to bring enough water to the area to grow rice and other crops.
How monsoons Habagat and Amihan affect people’s lives?
What is the effect of Amihan and Habagat? While the rain may ease farmers to irrigate the rice fields, the heavy rainfall may trigger floods, landslides, and potentially endanger residents living near riverbanks.