|Union of India Bhāratiya Adhirājya|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
|• 1948–1950||Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
|• 1947–1950||Jawaharlal Nehru|
Why did British rule end in 1947?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. … In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
Who were ruling India before 15th August 1947?
In 1757 the British Rule began in India, preceded by the victory of English East India Company at the Battle of Plassey and acquired control over the country. For almost 100 years the East India Company took power in India and then the British crown replaced it via Indian Mutiny in 1857-58.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.
Was India the richest country?
The Indian subcontinent had the largest economy of any region in the world for most of the interval between the 1st century and 18th century. Up until 1000 CE, its GDP per capita was not much higher than subsistence level.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
Which country won the whole of India?
The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947.
Who is Gandy India?
Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.
Is India still under Queen Elizabeth?
The monarchy was abolished on 26 January 1950, when India adopted a new constitution and became a republic within the Commonwealth, the first Commonwealth country to do so.
Does Britain still rule India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
Why didnt India annex Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka and India got separated because: Sri Lanka, a Crown Colony, was not a part of British India. India inherited only what was a part of British India after its independence.