Pitt’s India Act (1784), named for the British prime minister William Pitt the Younger, established the dual system of control by the British government and the East India Company, by which the company retained control of commerce and day-to-day administration but important political matters were reserved to a secret …
Why did the British Parliament pass an India Act in 1784?
The East India Company Act (EIC Act 1784), also known as Pitt’s India Act, was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain intended to address the shortcomings of the Regulating Act of 1773 by bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government.
What are the main features of Pitt’s India Act 1784?
Pitt’s India Act of 1784 rectified the defects of Regulating Act of 1773 and to make the administration of the company’s Indian territories efficient and responsible. This act provided the supreme control over company’s affairs and its administration in India.
How the Pitt’s India Act of 1784 curtailed the political rights of Indians conclusively?
The Governor-General was given the right of veto. The Presidencies of Madras and Bombay became subordinate to the Bengal Presidency. In effect, Calcutta became the capital of the British possessions in India. … This act gave the British government direct control over Indian administration.
What were the important aspect of the Pitt’s India Act?
Answer: Of these the most important one was the Pitt’s India Act of 1784, named after William Pitt the Younger Prime Minister of Britain at that time. This act set up a board of control in Britain through which the British government could fully control the company’s civil, military and revenue affairs in India.
Who passed Pitt’s India Act 1784?
The Pitt’s India Act was passed by the British Parliament in 1784 in order to remedy the deficiencies of the Legislation Act of 1773. Thus, Option B is the correct answer. Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General of Bengal to hold office from 1772 to 1785.
Which is the biggest act in India?
The main contract law in India is codified in the Indian Contract Act, which came into effect on 1 September 1872 and extends to all India. It governs entrance into contract, and effects of breach of contract.
Which act is known as act of settlement?
The Act of Settlement was an Amending Act of 1781, which was passed by British Parliament on 5th July 1781 to remove the defects of the Regulating Act 1773. It is also known as Declaratory Act, 1781.
Who introduced civil service in India?
During the British raj, Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised, and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’.
Who introduced First Charter Act?
This Act was passed when Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India. Candidates can also download the Charter Act of 1853 notes PDF from the link given below. Read the Charter Acts of 1793, 1813 and 1833 in the linked articles given below: Charter Act of 1793.
Which weaknesses of the Regulating Act were removed by the Pitt’s India Act?
The act had its shortcomings, as the Governor-General had no control over the council, he could only function with the majority opinion of the council. It also failed to stop the corruption among the company officials and the Governor-General had no veto power.
Which was the first law of EIC?
The company established its first Indian factory in 1611 at Masulipatnam on the Andhra Coast of the Bay of Bengal; and a second at Surat in 1612.
What improvements did the Pitt’s India Act of 1784 make over the Regulating Act?
Explanation: Pitt’s India Act of 1784 rectified the defects of Regulating Act of 1773 and to make the administration of the company’s Indianterritories efficient and responsible. This act provided the supreme control over company’s affairs and its administration in India.