At its height, the British Raj controlled almost all of modern India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Furthermore, under direct British control, India was divided into approximate thirteen different provinces that were controlled through British administrative officers.
What European country controlled India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
What European country controlled India in the 1700s?
India, however, had a huge population and was just as developed as Britain in the 1700s when the British arrived. The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united.
Who Ruled India first?
The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
What happens if India and Pakistan are not divided?
There wouldn’t be enough area, employment and food for so many people in one country. India’s population is 1.3 billion and Pakistan’s population is 180 million. … There were several changes in demography due to migration of people due to partition. In British India, Muslims growth rate was higher than non-Muslims.
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.
Did India colonize any country?
Colonial India was the part of the Indian subcontinent that was under the jurisdiction of European colonial powers during the Age of Discovery. European power was exerted both by conquest and trade, especially in spices.
|East India Company||1612–1757|
|Partition of India||1947–|
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Who was the first British visit India?
John Mildenhall (Circa 1560–1614) or John Midnall was a British explorer and adventurer and one of the first to make an overland journey to India.
Which country won the whole of India?
The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947.