On August 15, 1947, the Indian Independence Bill took effect, inaugurating a period of religious turmoil in India and Pakistan that would result in the deaths of hundreds of thousands, including Gandhi, who was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic in January 1948 during a prayer vigil to an area of Muslim-Hindu violence.
Why did India become independent from the British Empire?
India became independent after a long struggle for its self-determination. The struggle is often dated to the 1857 First War of Independence, sparked by outrage over the ongoing British disregard for Indian society.
What happened after India got independence?
When British rule came to an end in 1947, the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims. … The Constitution adopted in 1950 made India a democratic country, and this democracy has been sustained since then.
Why did India become independent?
Although unrest at colonial rule existed long before, the Indian independence movement gained momentum after the First World War. Mahatma Gandhi led the revolt against oppressive British rule and organised passive-resistance campaigns.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Why did British Empire fall?
The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.
Who Ruled India after independence?
Two governors-general held office between independence and India’s transformation into a republic: Lord Mountbatten (1947–48) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1948–50).
Dominion of India.
|Union of India Bhāratiya Adhirājya|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
|• 1948–1950||Chakravarti Rajagopalachari|
|• 1947–1950||Jawaharlal Nehru|
Why did India become a democracy?
Though India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it declared itself a Sovereign, Democratic and Republic state with the adoption of the Constitution on January 26, 1950. … The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to choose their own government and paved the way for democracy.
How old is India?
India is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. From the traces of hominoid activity discovered in the subcontinent, it is recognized that the area now known as India was inhabited approximately 250,000 years ago.
What was Pakistan called before?
The history of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan began on 14 August 1947 when the country became an independent nation in the form of Dominion of Pakistan within the British Commonwealth as the result of Pakistan Movement and the partition of India.
Did Pakistan used to be part of India?
The Partition of India was the division of British India into two independent Dominions: India and Pakistan. … The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.
How India got its freedom?
India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947, after many decades of struggle. Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, joined the fight in 1914 and led the country to independence, using his method of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.
Who is first king of India?
Ans: Chandragupta Maurya was the first king/ruler of Ancient India.
Who Ruled India most?
List of largest empires in India
|Empire||Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²)||Approximate date of maximum extent|
|British Indian Empire||4,574,000||1911|
|Maurya Empire||3,400,000–5,000,000||261 BC or 250 BC|
|Republic of India (for comparison)||3,287,263||–|
Was India rich before British rule?
Before British Rule (1858)
Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.