What is an Indian Nutting Stone?

Nutting stones are a fairly common artifact found throughout most of Georgia. These are unusually shaped stones with one or more shallow cupped spots on one or more surfaces (top). It is assumed that these impressions of multiple sizes were for the cracking of hard shelled nuts like walnuts or hickory nuts.

What is a nutting stone?

They are essentially naturally shaped rocks, usually somewhat flat, that have small to large indentations in the rock surface. Careful analysis of these nutting stone depressions clearly shows that the concavities are not natural but were man made by repeated hammering and/or rotary grinding.

How do you use a Nutting stone?

As the shaft was spun, using the bow for momentum, friction would have been created to produce heat and sparks and thus fire. Conversely, the stone would be placed on top of the bow drill shaft as a weight to force the shaft down onto a piece of wood containing the tinder to be ignited.

What was a Indian plummet used for?

Plummets, or weights, were used to sink a fishing net in the water to catch fish. Native men from southern New England often made the tools with which they worked, including their own hemp nets.

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How do you identify a Nutting Stone?

Nutting stones are a fairly common artifact found throughout most of Georgia. These are unusually shaped stones with one or more shallow cupped spots on one or more surfaces (top). It is assumed that these impressions of multiple sizes were for the cracking of hard shelled nuts like walnuts or hickory nuts.

How old are Nutting stones?

These two nutting stones were found in the Sahara Desert and archeologists date them as being 4,000 to 8,000 years old.

Which stones make fire?

The type of rock most commonly used in fire starting is flint or any type of rock in the flint family, such as quartz, chert, obsidian, agate or jasper. Other stones also have been known to work. The main criterion is that the rock has a high silica content to be harder than the steel.

What is a discoidal stone?

A discoidal is a round Mississippian game stone that was used in the ancient Native American game known as chungke or chunkey. They are found throughout the southeastern and midwestern United States.

How do I identify my Native American stone tools?

Determine if your suspected Native American stone tool is a man-made object or a natural geological rock formation. Look at it under a microscope for signs of being worked. Search for evidence of pecking, sanding or knapping. Examine artifacts found at known Native American habitation and hunting sites.

What is plummet weight made out of?

A plumb bob, or plummet, is a weight, usually with a pointed tip on the bottom, suspended from a string and used as a vertical reference line, or plumb-line. It is a precursor to the spirit level and used to establish a vertical datum. It is typically made of lead, stone or wood but can also be made of metal.

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What are plummets shaped like?

Most plummets have a basic tear-drop shape. However, there are highly stylized versions that have been found in widely separated areas of the country. In California they are often referred to as charmstones but they have also been described by using the descriptive words plummet and plum-bob.

What is an Indian Celt?

In archaeology, a celt /ˈsɛlt/ is a long, thin, prehistoric, stone or bronze tool similar to an adze, hoe, or axe. A shoe-last celt was a polished stone tool used during the early European Neolithic for felling trees and woodworking.

What are rocks with holes in them called?

Hagstones are rocks that have naturally occurring holes in them. The oddity of the stones has long made them a focus of folk magic, where they’ve been used for everything from fertility spells to warding off ghosts. The names for the rocks vary by region, but hagstones have been viewed as magical across the world.

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