What is forest and types of forest in India?

India is one of the 17 mega biodiverse regions of the world. Indian forests types include tropical evergreens, tropical deciduous, swamps, mangroves, sub-tropical, montane, scrub, sub-alpine and alpine forests. These forests support a variety of ecosystems with diverse flora and fauna.

What are the types of forest in India?

Types of Indian Forest

  • Moist tropical forest.
  • Dry tropical forest.
  • Montane temperate forest.
  • Montane sub tropical forest.
  • Alpine forest.

What is forest and its types?

Forests are classified according to their nature and composition, the type of climate in which they thrive, and its relationship with the surrounding environment. Forests can be divided into six broad types, with a number of sub types. Moist tropical. Montane sub tropical. Wet evergreen.

How many types of forest are there in India?

There are various types of forest in India namely coniferous forest, broadleaved forest, evergreen forest, wet evergreen forest, deciduous forest, and mangrove forest. Almost 24.56% of the geographical area of the country is under forest cover.

What are 4 types of forest?

Forest: Type # 1. Tropical Forest:

  • (i) Tropical wet evergreen forest:
  • (ii) Tropical semi-evergreen forest:
  • (iii) Tropical moist deciduous:
  • (iv) Tropical dry evergreen forest:
  • (v) Dry tropical deciduous:
  • (vi) Dry tropical thorn forest:
  • (i) Sub-Tropical hill forest:
  • (ii) Sub-Tropical pine forest:
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What are 6 types of forest?

Forest Types: Top 6 Types of Forest (With Diagram)

  • Forest Type # 1. Equatorial Moist Evergreen or Rainforest:
  • Forest Type # 2. Tropical Deciduous Forest:
  • Forest Type # 3. Mediterranean Forests:
  • Forest Type # 4. Temperate Broad-leaved Deciduous and Mixed Forest:
  • Forest Type # 5. …
  • Forest Type # 6.

What are the major types of forest?

Let’s take one by one in brief.

  • Tropical Deciduous Forests. These trees have broadleafs. …
  • Tropical Rain Forests. These are also called equatorial rainforests. …
  • Montane Forests. This type of forest is found in mountain or hilly areas. …
  • Tropical Thorn forests. …
  • Swamp Forests.

What is full form of forest?

Rating. FOREST. Food Oxygen Rain Environment Soil Timber. Academic & Science » Geography — and more…

What are 3 types of forest?

There are three general types of forest that exist: temperate, tropical, and boreal. Experts estimate that these forests cover approximately one-third of Earth’s surface. Temperate forests are found across eastern North America and Eurasia.

What is forest with example?

A forest is defined as a large area that has many trees and other plants, or a dense area that is like a forest. An example of a forest is Sherwood Forest from the Robin Hood stories. … To forest means to plant an area with trees. An example of to forest is to plant trees in an area where many trees were lost in a fire.

How are forests classified?

Forests can be classified according to a wide number of characteristics, with distinct forest types occuring within each broad category. However, by latitude, the three main types of forests are tropical, temperate, and boreal.

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What is importance of forest?

The importance of forests cannot be underestimated. We depend on forests for our survival, from the air we breathe to the wood we use. Besides providing habitats for animals and livelihoods for humans, forests also offer watershed protection, prevent soil erosion and mitigate climate change.

What are different layers of forest?

Most rainforests are structured in four layers: emergent, canopy, understory, and forest floor.

What is the uses of forest?

Forests purify water.

Forests absorb rainwall and slowly releases it in the soil. The soil filters the water naturally from where it is released to nearby lakes, rivers and reservoirs. Forests are a source of recreation and tourism. Forest areas attract a large amount of tourism where people hike, camp and enjoy.

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