They form a hierarchy of importance, in line with the order of courts in which they sit, with the Supreme Court of India at the top, followed by High Courts of respective states with District Judges sitting in District Courts and Magistrates of Second Class and Civil Judge (Junior Division) at the bottom.
What is the general court structure and hierarchy in India?
12. What is the general court structure and hierarchy? The Indian judicial system is a single integrated system. The Constitution of India divides the Indian judiciary into superior judiciary (the Supreme Court and the High Courts) and the subordinate judiciary (the lower courts under the control of the High Courts).
What are the hierarchy of courts?
Courts and Justice system in India The courts are divided into three categories with top court, middle court and lower court. The top court is named as the Supreme Court, while the middle court is named as High Court, and the lower court is named as District Court.
What are the three levels of court in India?
The court system of India comprises the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts and subordinate courts at district, municipal and village levels.
What is the basis upon which hierarchy of civil courts are set up in India?
In India, the hierarchy of Civil Courts is based on the territorial and pecuniary jurisdiction of the courts. Civil Courts can deal with the cases which have been committed within its territory and also which is within the pecuniary limits of the court.
What are the three types of court?
The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system.
Why is the court hierarchy important?
Court hierarchies are an essential component of our legal system. … Particular levels of courts deal with particular levels of dispute or criminal offence. Court hierarchies also allow for the effective functioning of the doctrine of precedent, with decisions in higher courts binding on courts further down the hierarchy.
How does the court hierarchy work?
Intermediate courts (such as the District Court of New South Wales) are therefore technically inferior courts. Magistrates make decisions in the lower courts (the state local courts and the Federal Circuit Court). The higher in the hierarchy a court is, the greater the authority their decisions have for other courts.
What is the full from of PIL?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury. … Approach a public interest lawyer or organization to file the case.