What nation ruled India before it gained its independence?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Who ruled our country before we got freedom?

Indian Independence Day History

India had been ruled by the British for several years. For about 100 years India was ruled by the East India Company.

Who ruled India before the British?

The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.

What was India before independence?

In 1900, India was part of the British Empire; but by the end of 1947, India had achieved independence. For most of the Nineteenth Century, India was ruled by the British.

Who came first in India to rule?

Only a few years later, near the end of the 15th century, Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama became the first European to re-establish direct trade links with India since Roman times by being the first to arrive by circumnavigating Africa (c. 1497–1499).

Colonial India.

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East India Company 1612–1757
Partition of India 1947–

What made British to leave India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

Who was the last freedom fighter of India?

Important Indian Freedom Fighters and Journeys

Mahatma Gandhi Father of the Nation Civil Rights Activist in South Africa Satygraha Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement
C. Rajagopalachari Last Governor General of India Leader of Indian National Congress
Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah Revolutionary Writer

Who Ruled India most?

List of largest empires in India

Empire Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²) Approximate date of maximum extent
British Indian Empire 4,574,000 1911
Mughal Empire 4,000,000 1690
Maurya Empire 3,400,000–5,000,000 261 BC or 250 BC
Republic of India (for comparison) 3,287,263

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858)

Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.

Who named country India?

The official name of the Republic of India was derived from the Sanskrit name ‘Sindhu’ that referred to Indus River. By the time the Persians conquered both, the then Indian subcontinent and Greece in 5th century BCE, ‘Sindhu’ became ‘Hindus’ to mark the ‘land of Hindus’.

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What is the 5 name of India?

India is known by many names – Jambudweepa, Al-Hind, Hindustan, Tenjiku, Aryavarta, and Bharat.

How did Muslims arrive in India?

Islam arrived in the inland of Indian subcontinent in the 7th century when the Arabs conquered Sindh and later arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Ghurids conquest and has since become a part of India’s religious and cultural heritage.

Who ruled India in 1st century?

1st century

Year Event
68 Establishment of the Kushan empire by Kujula Kadphises.
78 Gautamiputra Satkarni becomes Satavahana emperor and starts Shalivahana era calendar after defeating Scythian king Maues.
100 or after Sugar was first produced from sugarcane plants in northern India sometime after the first century.
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