William McIntosh was a Creek chief who signed the Treaty of Indian Springs. He signed it with his cousin, GA governor George Troup. This gave away the last remaining creek lands in GA and caused him to be excuted by his people. You can remember him by his last name, McIntosh, which is also a company (apple).
What role did William McIntosh have on the Indians?
William McIntosh (1775 – April 30, 1825), also known as Tustunnuggee Hutke (White Warrior), was one of the most prominent chiefs of the Creek Nation between the turn of the nineteenth century and his execution in 1825. He was a chief of Coweta town and commander of a mounted police force.
Why was McIntosh important?
McIntosh’s military exploits made him a popular US treaty envoy. In 1821, he and a group of Lower Creek chiefs negotiated the First Treaty of Indian Springs, ceding land between the Ocmulgee and Flint Rivers to Georgian farmers. McIntosh received $10,000 and one thousand acres around Indian Springs, Georgia.
What did William McIntosh contribute?
McIntosh helped kidnap enslaved Africans and seize cattle, both of which were presumed to have been the property of white Georgians and Alabamans. In 1821, at his homestead and 35-room inn at Indian Springs, McIntosh negotiated yet another land cession treaty with the United States.
What role did Alexander McGillivray play in the Indian Removal Act?
This Creek Indian chief signed the Treaty of New York that gave away Creek lands east of the Oconee River to the Americans. George Washington persuaded him into signing this article. After this happened, many of the Indians were furious at McGillivray for this. You can remember him by his name.
Which Native American tribe was the most affected by the Indian Removal Act?
They were forced to assimilate and concede to US law or leave their homelands. The Indian Nations themselves were force to move and ended up in Oklahoma. The five major tribes affected were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.
What were two terms of the treaty of New Echota?
The treaty established terms for the Cherokee Nation to cede its territory in the southeast and move west to the Indian Territory.
Why was McIntosh killed?
During Troup’s term, McIntosh signed the unauthorized Treaty of Indian Springs (1825) which surrendered all Creek lands in Georgia as well as substantial property in Alabama. The National Council pronounced him guilty of treason and sent Law Menders to execute McIntosh and destroy his property.
Where was William McIntosh killed?
How much money did they bribe McIntosh with for this land?
McIntosh, along with six other Creek chiefs, agreed to sell the remainder of Creek land in Georgia, without the tribe’s consent, for $200,000.
Why is William McIntosh important to Georgia history?
William McIntosh was a controversial chief of the Lower Creeks in early-nineteenth-century Georgia. His general support of the United States and its efforts to obtain cessions of Creek territory alienated him from many Creeks who opposed white encroachment on Indian land.
Who influenced William McIntosh?
Though raised among the creeks, he spoke fluent English and was related by blood or marriage to several prominent Georgians—including governors George Troup and David Mitchell—strengthening his loyalty to the United States.
How did William McIntosh aid in the removal of Native American tribes from Georgia in the 19th century?
How did William McIntosh aid in the removal of Native American tribes from Georgia in the 19th century? He informed white settlers about gold on Creek lands. He attacked white settlers, forcing them to remove the Creeks. He signed a treaty giving Creek lands to the United States.
Who was the chief of the Creek tribe during the Trail of Tears?
The Creeks were divided over the issue of removal. Many, including Chief William McIntosh, remained loyal to the United States government, believing voluntary removal was the only way to escape complete annihilation.
Who was John Ross and what did he do?
John Ross (1790-1866) was the most important Cherokee political leader of the nineteenth century. He helped establish the Cherokee national government and served as the Cherokee Nation’s principal chief for almost 40 years.
Which of these provisions was included as part of the Indian Removal Act of 1832?
They retreated deep into the Florida Everglades, a wild and swampy area where white Americans were reluctant to pursue them. Which of these provisions was included as part of the Indian Removal Act of 1832? The President could use military force to remove Native Americans from their tribal homelands.