These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
What did the Indian Ocean trade?
The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. … Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well. Enslaved people were also traded.
What trade route crossed the Indian Ocean?
The dhow trade was particularly important in the western Indian Ocean, where those vessels could take advantage of the monsoon winds; a great variety of products were transported between ports on the coast of East Africa and ports on the Arabian Peninsula and on the west coast of India (notably Mumbai, Mangaluru ( …
How did merchants change the Indian Ocean trade?
As merchants moved throughout the exchange network searching for profit, they created diverse diasporic communities and spread their native cultures across the Indian Ocean basin and helped transfer new technologies and ideas across Afro-Eurasia.
Who benefited from Indian Ocean trade?
The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Which Indian Coast is best for marine trade with China?
According to the latest survey of 2019 the coasts are Mumbai port and JNPT(Jawaharlal Nehru port) which carries 70percent of Indian maritime trade with China and other countries.
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.
Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?
11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.
Why did Ceylon become such an important location for Indian Ocean trade?
Strategic situation. The island of Ceylon was strategically important, since it commanded the Indian Ocean. Thus it controlled access to India, the vital Allied shipping routes to the Middle East and the oilfields of the Persian Gulf. Ceylon held most of the British Empire’s resources of rubber.
What was one significant effect of the Indian Ocean trade?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
How did Portugal affect trade in the Indian Ocean?
In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.
Which three regions were part of the Indian Ocean trade route?
The three regions that were part of the trade routes of the Indian Ocean were East Africa, the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia.