On February 2, 1835, British politician Thomas Babington Macaulay circulated Minute on Education, a treatise that offered definitive reasons for why the East India Company and the British government should spend money on the provision of English language education, as well as the promotion of European learning, …
What was Macaulay contribution to education system in India?
On this day in 1835, Lord Macaulay successfully westernised education in India; English was made the official language for the government and courts, and was adopted as the official medium of instruction.
What was Macaulay minute Why was it important?
On 2 February 1835, British historian and politician Thomas Babington Macaulay presented his ‘Minute on Indian Education’ that sought to establish the need to impart English education to Indian ‘natives’. This minute is a very important document for UPSC history.
What is Macaulay system of education?
The term is derived from the name of British politician Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800–1859), who served on the Governor-General’s Council and was instrumental in making English the medium of instruction for higher education in India.
Why was English education Act passed class 8?
British wanted to establish their cultural domination with spread of English language. Thus , English education Act 1835 was passed which provided for: … The decision was taken to make English as the medium for higher education.
What were the effects of Western education?
Educated Indians read about the American and the French revolution and filled the hearts of the Indians with the ideas of liberty, equality and justice. Ideas of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau inspired the people to strive for political and social freedom.
What were the main objectives of Lord Macaulay?
The first objective was to form a class of interpreters between the British rulers and the millions of Indians they governed. The second objective was to create a class of persons, Indians in blood and colour but British in taste, opinion, morals, and intellect.
What were the important aspects of Macaulay report?
The main objective of Macaulay`s policy were as follows. The policy laid emphasis on promoting European literature and science among the Indians. As such all funds allocated for the purpose of education should be used on English education only.
What are the important aspects of Macaulay report?
Merits of Lord Macaulay’s Minute of 1835
A clear-cut Policy of Education. Definite Purpose of Education. Establishment of English Schools. English as Medium of Instruction.