What was provided in Indian Council Act 1909?
It introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of a separate electorate’. Under this, the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Thus, the Act ‘legalised communalism’ and Lord Minto came to be known as the Father of Communal Electorate.
What were the main provisions of the Minto Morley reforms?
The reforms included the admission of Indians to the Secretary of State’s council, to the viceroy’s executive council, and to the executive councils of Bombay and Madras, and the introduction of an elected element into legislative councils with provision for separate electorates for Muslims.
What was the significance of Minto Morley reforms 1909?
Salient Features of Minto-Morley Reforms: The number of members of legislative council of Governor General and the Governors of various provinces was increased. The powers of Members of Legislative were increased.
What were the main features of Indian councils Act write any two?
Main Features of Indian Council Act 1892
- A simultaneous examination of ICS to be held in England and India.
- Reforms of the legislative council and adoption of the principle of election in place of nomination.
- Opposition to the annexation of Upper Burma.
- Reduction in the Military expenditure.
What are the salient features of the Government of India Acts of 1858 and 1909?
4) One Indian was to be appointed to the Viceroy’s executive council. 5) Separate electorate was introduced. Muslims were allocated 8 seats, British capitalists 6 seats, landlords 2 seats and general electorate were allocated 13 seats out of total 27 non-official seats of total 68 seats in Imperial Legislative Council.
What was Morley-Minto reforms 4 marks?
The Morley-Minto Reforms became law in 1909 as the Indian Councils Act. The importance of the Councils, which were enlarged, was to ensure that Indian legislators were given a chance to express their opinions. The British also accepted the right of Muslims to have a separate electorate.
What was the duration of central legislature under 1919 Act?
The Legislative Assembly was to consist of 144 members, out of them 103 were to be elected and 41 to be nominated by the Governor General. The duration of the Upper House was five and of the Lower House was three years. Powers were divided between the center and the provinces.
What is the name of 1861 Act?
That everything is changing in India is obvious enough, and that the old autocratic government cannot stand unmodified is indisputable.” The 1861 Act restored the legislative powers of Bombay and Madras Presidencies taken away by the Charter Act of 1833.
Indian Councils Act 1861.
|Repealed by||Government of India Act 1915|