From August 15, 1947, all treaties and agreements made by the British with the Princely States would stand cancelled. The Princely States would be free to join either India or Pakistan or remain independent.
What were the main provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947?
The Act’s most important provisions were:
- Division of British India into the two new dominions – the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan – with effect from 15 August 1947;
- Partition of the provinces of Bengal and Punjab between the two new countries;
What were the provisions of the Indian Independence Act of 1947 regarding the Constituent Assembly?
– The existing Constituent Assembly would become the Union Legislature for India, and Pakistan to have separate Constituent Assembly. – Princely States to become independent. – The Indian army would be divided. – The interests and liabilities of the existing government officers would be protected.
What is independence of India Act write its main provision?
India was to be divided into two sovereign states-India and Pakistan. The responsibilities of the Government of India were to be handed over to Indian leaders. 2. As per the Act there would be a Governor General to be appointed by the Emperor of Britain in each of the sovereign states India and Pakistan.
Who was responsible for the partition of India?
Markandey Katju views the British as bearing responsibility for the partition of India; he regards Jinnah as a British agent who advocated for the creation of Pakistan in order “to satisfy his ambition to become the ‘Quaid-e-Azam’, regardless of the suffering his actions caused to both Hindus and Muslims.” Katju …
What was the basis of partition of India?
Partition of India
|Prevailing religions of the British Indian Empire (1901), the basis for the partition of India|
|Date||15 August 1947|
|Outcome||Partition of British Indian Empire into 2 independent Dominions, India and Pakistan, sectarian violence, religious cleansing and refugee crises|
What was the main provision of the Mountbatten Plan?
Provisions of the Mountbatten Plan
British India was to be partitioned into two dominions – India and Pakistan. The constitution framed by the Constituent Assembly would not be applicable to the Muslim-majority areas (as these would become Pakistan).
Why was India split into India and Pakistan?
This partition was part of the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent, called British Raj. The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country.
Who made the plan of two independent nations India and Pakistan?
The plan of creation of two independent nations, India and Pakistan, was made by Lord Mountbatten.
Who was the best Viceroy of India?
Top 15 British Viceroys of India
- Viceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):
- Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):
- Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):
- Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):
- Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):
- Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):
- Viceroy # 7. …
- Viceroy # 8.
Who was the first Governor-General and last Viceroy of India?
> The first Governor-General of British India was Lord William Bentinck (1828 to 1835) and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari became the last Governor-General of India after Independence (1878-1972).
What is difference between Viceroy and Governor-General?
Governor General was the head of all governors of states under East India Company. After the power shifted in the hands of British Crown, Viceroy was appointed, who was the head of colonial India and governed the territory on behalf of British Crown.