The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, i.e. Crown rule in India. The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.
What were the consequences of partition Class 12?
People were forced to abandon their homes and move across borders, they went through immense sufferings. (ii) Thousands of women were abducted on both sides of the border, they were forced to change the religion and were forced into marriage. Many children were separated from their parents.
What are the consequences of Partition of India Class 12?
(i) After 1947 most of the population transferred from one to another in unplanned manner. (ii) Many people was killed in the name of religion. (iii) Lakh of people who managed to cross the border lived their life as refugees and in refugee camps. (iv) Thousands of women were abducted.
What were the consequences of the independence of India?
On August 15, 1947, the Indian Independence Bill took effect, inaugurating a period of religious turmoil in India and Pakistan that would result in the deaths of hundreds of thousands, including Gandhi, who was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic in January 1948 during a prayer vigil to an area of Muslim-Hindu violence.
What was the impact of partition in India?
The Partition of India had a huge impact on millions of people living in India in the 1940s. In August 1947, British India won its independence from the British and split into two new states that would rule themselves. This forced millions of people to leave their homes to move to the other state.
What are the 3 challenges of nation building?
The first challenge was to shape a nation that was united, yet accommodative of the diversity in our society. There were different culture, religions, languages in the country. It was a very serious question of unity and integration which was to be solved by the leaders. The second challenge was to establish democracy.
What are the two consequences of partition of India?
Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Millions of people moved to what they hoped would be safer territory, with Muslims heading towards Pakistan, and Hindus and Sikhs in the direction of India.
Which was the biggest problem in 1947 for India after partition?
The division of assets: Tensions stretched to a breaking point with Pakistan over the division of assets. According to the Indo- Pakistan financial settlement of 1947 India had to pay rupees 55 crores as the latter’s share of the assets. The Refugee Problem: The partition of India gave way to the refugee problem.
What are the reasons for partition of India?
The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan, due to presented religious issues. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country. The main spokesperson for the partition was Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
What were the three challenges faced by independent India?
The nation has faced religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies. India has unresolved territorial disputes with China which in 1962 escalated into the Sino-Indian War, and with Pakistan which resulted in wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999.
Who opposed the partition of India?
The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).
What made British to leave India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
What were the long term effects of the Indian partition?
What were the long term effects of the Partition on the relationship between Pakistan and India? Over a million people died, people were displaced, Britain lost India. You just studied 4 terms!