Which is the first presidency in India?

The first president of India, Rajendra Prasad was born on December 3, 1884, in Ziradei, Bengal Presidency (present-day Bihar). Dr. Rajendra Prasad was a lawyer, teacher, writer, and India’s freedom fighter. He held the office of the first President of India from 1950 to 1962.

Which is the first presidency of Britishers?

Surat was the first Presidency of British East India Company in India. The other Presidency of the Company at that time in the east was at Bantam in Java where Captain Lancaster had, earlier, during 1601-1603, established a factory of the Company.

Which was the first presidency town?

In 1608, Mughal authorities allowed the English East India Company to establish a small trading settlement at Surat (now in the state of Gujarat), and this became the company’s first headquarters town.

Who founded Madras?

Francis Day and his superior Andrew Cogan can be considered as the founders of Madras (now Chennai). They began construction of the Fort St George on 23 April 1640 and houses for their residence.

Who was merged princely states in India?

Travancore and Cochin were merged in the middle of 1949 to form the princely union of Travancore-Cochin. The only princely states which signed neither Covenants of Merger nor Merger Agreements were Kashmir, Mysore and Hyderabad.

Why did Britishers leave India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.

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Which city was the presidency?

Note: The capitals of Bombay, Bengal i.e. Calcutta and Madras Presidencies in British India in early 19th century were called as presidency cities. It was the administration division of British government in India later collectively they have been called British India.

What was the old name of India?

Jambudvipa (Sanskrit: जम्बुद्वीप Jambu-dvīpa, lit. “berry island”) was used in ancient scriptures as a name of India before Bhārata became the official name. The derivative Jambu Dwipa was the historical term for India in many Southeast Asian countries before the introduction of the English word “India”.

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