Which is the main educational Centre of ancient India?

1. Taxila (Takshasila): It was the most important centre of higher learning in ancient India. It is situated about 20 miles west of Rawalpindi, now in Pakistan.

Which was a Centre of learning during ancient period?

The ancient Nalanda was a centre of learning from the 5th century CE to 12th century CE. Located in present day Rajgir, Bihar, India, Nalanda was one of the oldest universities of the world and UNESCO declared the ruins of Nalanda Mahavihara, a world heritage site.

Which is the oldest university in ancient India?

Historically, Universities, libraries were a big part of the Indus Valley Civilization. The 2 famous ancient universities of India and the oldest universities in the world are Takshashila and Nalanda. But apart from these two, there were many more universities which were famous.

Which was the most renowned educational institutions of ancient India?

Here is the list of major ancient universities of India that flourished across ancient India.

  1. Nalanda. source. …
  2. Takshashila. source. …
  3. Vikramashila. source. …
  4. Valabhi. …
  5. Somapura. …
  6. Jagaddala. …
  7. Odantapuri. …
  8. Pushpagiri.

Which of the following is one of the ancient educational institutes in India?

Vikramashila. Vikramashila was one of the two most important centres of learning in India during the Pala Empire, along with Nalanda.

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Which is oldest Taxila or Nalanda?

Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. … However, while Nalanda was a formal university in the modern sense of the word, Taxila functioned under more informal conditions.

Who destroyed takshashila?

When these routes ceased to be important, the city sank into insignificance and was finally destroyed by the Huns in the 5th century ce. Taxila was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.

What is takshashila called today?

Taxila was known in Pali as Takkasilā, and in Sanskrit as तक्षशिला (Takshashila, IAST: Takṣaśilā; “City of Cut Stone”). The Greeks pared the city’s name down to Taxila which became the name that the Europeans were familiar with ever since the time of Alexander the Great.

Who built Nalanda university?


Width 490 m (1,600 ft)
Area 12 ha (30 acres)
Builder King Kumaragupta I
Founded 5th century

Who destroyed ancient universities of India?

For some 700 years, between the 5th and 12th Centuries, Nalanda was the center of scholarship and Buddhist studies in the ancient world. A great fire wiped out the library of over 9 million manuscripts and at the beginning of the 12th Century, the Muslim invader Page 2 Bakhtiyar Khalji sacked the university.

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