The Constitution of India granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir among Indian states, and it was the only state in India to have a separate constitution.
Which states have its own Constitution?
Jammu and Kashmir was the only Indian state which had its own Constitution. On 5 August 2019, the article of the Indian Constitution (article 370) which provided the state of Jammu and Kashmir this special status to have its own Constitution was repealed.
Why Jammu and Kashmir was given special status?
Article 370 acknowledges the special status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in terms of autonomy and its ability to formulate laws for the state’s permanent residents. In the 1954 Presidential order, among other things, the Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution were made applicable to Kashmir with exceptions.
What happened in Kashmir?
The 2016 Kashmir unrest erupted after killing of a Hizbul Mujahideen militant, Burhan Wani, by Indian security forces. Further unrest in the region erupted after the 2019 Pulwama attack. … Amnesty International has also accused the Indian government of refusing to prosecute perpetrators of abuses in the region.
How J&K is divided?
The state of Jammu and Kashmir consisted of three divisions: the Jammu Division, the Kashmir Division and Ladakh which are further divided into 22 districts. The Siachen Glacier, while under Indian military control, did not lie under the administration of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Can states in India have their own constitution?
The state had its own constitution other than applicable Indian constitution. Part XII of the Jammu and Kashmir state constitution made provision to amend its constitution with a two-thirds majority by the state assembly.
Who removed Article 370?
On 6 August 2019, the Government of India revoked the special status, or autonomy, granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir—a region administered by India as a state which consists of the larger part of Kashmir which has been the subject of dispute among India, Pakistan, and China since …
Who wrote Article 370?
Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
How many states are there in India after 370?
28 States and 9 Union Territories of India After Removing Article 370.
Why does Pakistan want Kashmir?
Historically, Pakistan believes that Kashmir was illegitimately ceded to India by a ruler who did not represent the people. Additionally, since a majority of the Muslim majority states went to Pakistan, they believe Kashmir should belong to them. However, Kashmir is also important to Pakistan for strategic reasons.
Was Kashmir a Hindu state?
In the 1901 Census of the British Indian Empire, the population of the princely state of Kashmir was 2,905,578. Of these 2,154,695 were Muslims, 689,073 Hindus, 25,828 Sikhs, and 35,047 Buddhists. The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 50% of the population.
What is the beauty of Kashmir?
HEAVEN ON EARTH
Picturesque and enchanting, Kashmir is cradled high in the lofty green Himalayas and hailed all over the world for its incredible natural beauty. Surrounded by mountain peaks, lush green valleys, glistening lakes, temples and spectacular Mughal-era gardens, it has inspired poets through centuries.