Who amongst the following was the Prime Minister of India at the time of liberalization of economy in 1991?

GDP growth improved to 5.5 percent in the 1980s because of some very modest liberalization plus a government spending spree. But the spending spree was unsustainable and ended in tears and empty foreign exchange reserves in 1991. P. V. Narasimha Rao became prime minister in 1991.

Who was the Prime Minister of India at the time of economic reforms 1991?

Economic liberalisation in India was initiated in 1991 by Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao and his then-Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.

When was the liberalisation and universalisation adopted in India?

Liberalisation and universalisation adopted in india in 1991.

What do you understand by the liberalisation policy of 1991?

Economic Liberalisation in India. The Indian economy was liberalised in the year 1991. In India, the concept of economic liberalisation was introduced to attain several objectives – industrialisation, expansion in the role of private and foreign investment, and introducing a free market system.

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Who is the father of Indian economy?

Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao (28 June 1921 – 23 December 2004) was an Indian lawyer and politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996.

Who was the Prime Minister in 1991 in India?


No. Name Assumed office of Prime Minister
8 Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1992
9 P. V. Narasimha Rao 21 June 1991
10 Atal Bihari Vajpayee 16 May 1996 19 March 1998 13 October 1999
11 H. D. Deve Gowda 1 June 1996

What is Liberalisation process?

Liberalisation is the process or means of the elimination of control of the state over economic activities. It provides a greater autonomy to the business enterprises in decision-making and eliminates government interference.

Why did India open its economy in 1991?

The economic reforms kick-started in 1991 brought about expansion of the services sector helped largely by a liberalised investment and trade regime. They also increased consumer choices and reduced poverty significantly.

What are the merits and demerits of liberalisation?

which results in a reduction in poverty.


  • Di-licencing of industries.
  • Increase in foreign direct investment.
  • liberalization of foreign technology.
  • Industrial location.
  • Faster growth and poverty reduction.
  • Increase in employment.

What are the positive impacts of liberalisation after NEP 1991?

Removal of restrictions on the movement of goods and services across the country, freedom in fixing the prices of goods and services, reduction in tax rates, simplification of procedures for imports and exports and easier paths to attract foreign capital and technology in India.

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What is liberalisation in simple words?

Liberalization, the loosening of government controls. Although sometimes associated with the relaxation of laws relating to social matters such as abortion and divorce, liberalization is most often used as an economic term. In particular, it refers to reductions in restrictions on international trade and capital.

What do you mean by new economic policy 1991?

New Economic Policy of India-1991. New Economic Policy refers to economic liberalisation or relaxation in the import tariffs, deregulation of markets or opening the markets for private and foreign players, and reduction of taxes to expand the economic wings of the country.

What are the objectives of Liberalisation?

The main objectives of the liberalisation policy are as follows:

  • To increase international competitiveness of industrial production, foreign investment and technology.
  • To increase the competitive position of Indian goods in the international markets.
  • To improve financial discipline and facilitate modernisation.

What are the factors Favouring liberalization in India in 1991?

The Economic Liberalization

  • Eliminating the industrial license requirement for most sectors.
  • Removing limits on capital accumulation.
  • Eliminating licenses for importing the majority of goods.
  • Reducing tariffs.
  • Opening the private sector to many activities that had previously been reserved for the public sector.
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