While climate change and extreme weather have played a part, the main culprit for Chennai’s water woes is poor planning. As the city grew, vast areas of the surrounding floodplain, along with its lakes and ponds, disappeared.
Is water available to all in Chennai?
Primary water sources. Chennai is entirely dependent on ground water resources to meet its water needs. … As of 2012, MetroWater supplies about 830 million litres of water every day to residents and commercial establishments. Of about 800 mld supplied to the city, nearly 710 mld is transmitted through pipeline.
Why is there a water shortage in Tamilnadu?
Two years of deficient monsoon rainfall, particularly in late 2017 and throughout much of 2018 had led to this crisis. Because tap water has stopped running, some families have been relying on alternative water sources such as distant, unreliable public water pumps, and costly private water tankers.
Why is Chennai so dry?
Due to its proximity to the Bay of Bengal, Chennai is prone to cyclones – that lead to flooding and push sewage into the roads. Not only this, the uneven patterns of rainfall – that lashes the city during the northeast monsoon season in November and December – also adds to its water woes.
Is there a general shortage of water for everyone in Chennai?
Answer: Yes, there is a general shortage of water for everyone in Chennai.
How does Chennai get water?
Chennai receives most of its water from Poondi Lake (3,231 Mcft), Sholavaram Lake (881 Mcft), Red Hills Lake (3,300 Mcft) and Chembarambakkam Lake (3,645 Mcft). … This lake receives water from Cauvery River system through Kollidam, Lower Anicut and Vadavar Canal besides rainwater from its own catchment area.
Which areas in Chennai has good ground water?
North Chennai rests on sedimentary rock, with sandstone and sand or shale forming the layers beneath the topsoil, making it conducive for good groundwater yield. The hydrogeology of this area is impacted by the flow of the three lifelines of the city — Adyar, Cooum and Kosasthalaiyar rivers.
Which is the main source of water?
Complete answer: The main source of water is the rainwater. The water cycle is a process that involves evaporation, condensation and precipitation and the output is rainwater. The water source is important in the water cycle.
How bad is the water crisis?
Fast facts: Global water crisis
785 million people lack access to clean water. That’s one in 10 people on the planet. Women and girls spend an estimated 200 million hours hauling water every day. The average woman in rural Africa walks 6 kilometers every day to haul 40 pounds of water.
Is Chennai hotter than Delhi?
“For example, a 35°C with 70 percent humidity in Chennai feels hotter than 42°C with 50 percent humidity in New Delhi”. … And the main reason why Chennai today feels hotter than ever before.
What are the warmest months in Chennai?
March to June: These months constitute the summer season in Chennai. The climate is generally very hot and humid during these months. This is the hottest time as temperatures soar up till 40 degree Celsius and can go even beyond.
Which areas in Chennai faces water shortage?
Of Chennai’s total requirement of 830 MLD (million litres a day) water, the Chennai Metro Water Supply and Sewage Board(CMWSSB) was able to supply only about 525 MLD during the worst days of the crisis. The city of Chennai has four major reservoirs/lakes: Poondi, Cholavaram, Redhills and Chembarambakkam.
What can be done to improve water supply?
Here’s a look at the first 19 areas where experts feel needed solutions will come.
- Educate to change consumption and lifestyles. …
- Invent new water conservation technologies. …
- Recycle wastewater. …
- Improve irrigation and agricultural practices. …
- Appropriately price water. …
- Develop energy efficient desalination plants.
How can we stop water scarcity in India?
Employing agricultural practices such as planting crops that require less water, setting up irrigation systems without leakages, and developing farm-based water conservation structures is very important. This can aid in the protection of forests and development of horticulture.