Why was India considered the jewel in the crown of the Empire *?

India was considered the ‘Jewel in the Crown’ for the British Empire due to India’s resources and location. They traded Indian pepper, cotton, Chinese silk, porcelain, fine spices, tea, and coffee. … During the Industrial Revolution, Britain needed raw materials and new markets, which India had.

Why was India the brightest jewel in the crown of the British Empire?

As the population of India was very high compared to other countries British were able to earn much wealth from taxations. … The British Prime Minister during the period 1874 to 1881 called Benjamin Disraeli has named India as ‘the brightest Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire, .

How did India become the brightest jewel in the crown?

The British termed India as the “Jewel in the crown” because; Access to India made the region the most valuable colony for the British. Prior to colonizing India, Britain had access to North America, but this access ended with the American Revolution.

Why did the British want India?

In claiming India as a colony, Great Britain also wanted to assert its mission of exporting their supposedly better culture to the rest of the world. As they considered themselves a superior race, the British felt a moral imperative to improve the welfare of the people under their rule.

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Why did England give up India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

Which country was referred to as Britain’s jewel in the crown?

India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.

They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power. Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.

What did the British call India?

The British Raj (/rɑːdʒ/; from rāj, literally, “rule” in Sanskrit and Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India.

British Raj.

East India Company 1612–1757
Princely states 1721–1949
Partition of India 1947–

How did most British people feel about Indians after the Sepoy Rebellion?

British attitudes toward Indians shifted from relative openness to insularity and xenophobia, even against those with comparable background and achievement as well as loyalty. British families and their servants lived in cantonments at a distance from Indian settlements.

What does the phrase jewel in the crown refer to?

: something that is the most valuable, important, or admired among others of its kind He owns several successful businesses but this company is the jewel in the crown.

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