In India, coconut palms are grown on the entire coastal belt. Major share goes to Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu followed by Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Orissa. Importance: Every part of the coconut palm is useful to mankind. It supplies food, fuel, drink, oil and shelter to us.
Does coconut grow in India?
Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the major coconut producing states in India accounting for more than 90 per cent of area and production. There is a great scope for enhancing the productivity of coconut through adoption of scientific cultivation technologies, which are described here under.
Where does coconut grow in India?
Traditional areas of coconut in India are the states of Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Goa, West Bengal, Pondicherry, Maharashtra and Islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar.
Do coconut trees grow in North India?
Coconut can be planted in North India, but the production of the fruit is not guaranteed to match up with the production in the traditional coconut growing areas of India – Kerala, T.N., Andhra, Karnataka & Goa. There is a zoning for plants where they grow in abundance as the conditions are conducive to their growth.
Why do Coconut trees grow in Kerala?
Coastal regions have sandy soils which is the best for coconut trees which results in a higher yield of the produce (fruit). In Kerala Interior places with fertile soils and plain regions also give good growth to coconut trees.
Which city is famous for coconut?
Maddur is one of the world’s largest tender coconut hubs. Every day, some four million tender coconuts are brought to an exclusive market set up by the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee on the Bangalore-Mysore highway.
Why do coconut trees need salt?
The application of sodium chloride (NaCl) or common table salt can effectively control this problem. Its addition to chlorine deficient ‘Tugbok’ soil (Typic Tropudalfs) planted to local tall, ‘Laguna’ coconut trees increased nut production, copra weight/nut, and copra yield/tree.
Is coconut a tree?
Botanically, the coconut palm is not a tree since there is no bark, no branches, or secondary growth. A coconut palm is a woody perennial monocotyledon with the trunk being the stem. … Today, the coconut is a monotypic with one species, nucifera.
Where is coconut found mostly?
Traditional areas of coconut cultivation are the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Also Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat, Puducherry and Goa; and the island territories of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar are other areas of coconut production.
What climate do coconut trees grow in?
Coconut palms grow at their best in temperatures ranging from 85 to 95 degrees. As coconut palms need large amounts of water and do well in sandy soils, a sunny, tropical climate is best for their growth and survival.
Is black soil good for coconut tree?
Black soil is rich in calcium, potassium, and magnesium but poor nitrogen content. Sandy soil is low in nutrient content but helps grow trees such as coconut, cashew, and casuarinas in areas with high rainfall.
Can coconut grow in black soil?
Soil: The coconut palm can grow in a wide range of soil conditions ranging from laterite, alluvial, red, sandy loam having pH range from 5.5 to 8.0. Soil should be fertile and good drainage without any hard substratum within one of the surface.
Where do coconut trees grow best?
Coconuts do best in spots that are 70 degrees F. (21 C.) or warmer. The trick to growing a coconut palm tree is to keep the coconut well watered during germination without letting it sit in overly wet soil.
What month do you plant a coconut tree?
Karnataka: Planting the seedlings during May – June, is ideal for good cultivation. Latitude and Altitude: Coconut is a tropical crop and grows well a hot climate.
Which state has more coconut trees?
Map of Top 10 Coconut Producing States
Which state in Kerala produce more coconut?
In Kerala, major decline in production was observed in Idukki, Kottayam, and Kollam districts and a significant increase in yield was found in Alappuzha district. Kozhikode is the highest coconut producing district in the State followed by Malappuram.